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How to Care for a Pet Wolf
Wolves are intuitive and free-spirited creatures that, though independent and strong-willed, make great pets. The care and feeding of a wolf, however, is different from caring and feeding a domesticated dog. It is important to know a wolf’s basic needs in order to properly care for your wolf. Here are some suggestions for caring for a pet wolf.


  1. Give them lots of space. The wolf that is your pet is a wild animal at heart. They are used to being able to roam and run for long distances and have a lot of open, natural space to live in. Planning to have your pet wolf live in a small, fenced-in yard suitable for a regular dog is not fair to them and will not make your wolf happy or fulfilled. Give your wolf a large space of at least an acre or two to call home. If you are not able to accommodate your pet wolf this way then a wolf may not be the right pet for you.
  2. Find a wild animal veterinarian. Wild animal and zoo veterinarians specialize in treating and caring for wild animals and their health. These veterinarians are knowledgeable about the differences between caring for exotic pets and domesticated ones and can address any concerns you have.
  3. Feed your wolf a proper diet. A wolf is not the same as a domesticated dog, so feeding it dog food from the grocery store will not be sufficient for maintaining proper nutrition. As with dogs, table scraps or “people food” are a bad idea to give wolves, but supplementing their diet with fresh raw meat is good. Raw meat not only gives them iron and other vital nutrients but also helps your wolf feel like they have acquired a fresh kill for themselves. Talk to your veterinarian about other dietary needs and supplements that can help keep your wolf healthy.
  4. Understand behavioral patterns. Wolves are independent creatures, and it is important to understand the differences between the behavior of a wolf and that of a dog. Wolves are family-oriented pack animals but are not necessarily as cuddly or friendly as a dog; they need time and space to themselves. If your wolf acts stand-offish or spends time on its own, don’t interpret this as a sign that your wolf is ill or doesn’t like you. This is simply its natural behavior and must be respected.
  5. Remember that the wolf is still a wild animal. Not everyone will appreciate living next door to a wolf, and you may not be prepared to handle all of the challenges presented to you in owning a wolf as a pet. Keep in mind a pet wolf is still a wolf, not a dog, but with love and respect it can be a fun and loving pet and companion.

Baby Ferrets Versus Older Ferrets as Pets

 While adopting a geriatric animal can be difficult for first time owners who may not be as good at spotting health problems, I would advise first time pet owners to consider an adult rather than a baby animal, and ideally one from a rescue that can tell you a bit about the animal and its personality.
the reasons for this are pretty simple:

1) The tough stuff is often done. Generally, an adult ferret is already nip trained. The animal may already know some tricks, and the odds of the ferret ingesting a portion of a toy and getting an intestinal blockage from eating something strange has been reduced (the threat is still there, however baby ferrets are far more likely to destroy and then eat a piece of a toy or a random object that an adult ferret would ignore). Litter training may also be included in this package (well, as much as that particular ferret can be litter trained), but if not it can be more easily taught. Adopting an adult ferret is a bit like adopting a pre-trained, well behaved adult dog rather than adopting a baby dinosaur and attempting to turn it into a dog… I know that that sounds a bit far fetched, but the reality of the situation is that many first time ferret owners have never even met a ferret before adopting their first animal and have absolutely no idea how to turn an unruly kit into a well behaved and well balanced adult… its not impossible, but it is a huge and sometimes overwhelming task.
2) Training is easier. This may sound counter-intuitive to some people, but in reality, it is much easier to train an adult than a baby. Adults have longer attention spans and better memory retention than babies. Training requires less repetition and though, in the case of adult animals, it may involve some re-training to break bad habits, it is generally rather simple. The old adage “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks” is not only misleading, it is downright false – it is much easier to teach an old dog (or ferret) a new trick then it is to teach a puppy (or kit) ANY trick.

3) They WILL bond. Having a ferret as a kit does not ensure that the animal will bond with you any more than an adult ferret will. I have had both kits and adult ferrets and have found that the bond between the person and the animal depends more on how you treat and interact with the animal than how old it was when you got it. Some ferrets will bond quickly with their owners and start to trust them almost immediately, others are more suspicious and take longer. This is true whether or not the animal has ‘baggage’ from a previous home.
Example: we got 2 ferrets from the same home at the same age. The home was a good one; neither animal had ever been mistreated or mishandled in any way. One of the two ferrets started to trust us and bond with us in less than a month, the other took several months before she would even take food from our hands – she did bond with us eventually, but it was a long, slow process.Example 2: Male ferret rescued from an extremelyabusive situation. He as 4-6 years old, possibly older, and had known nothing but abuse at the hands of his former owner. Despite this, he bonded with me in less than a month, and within 2 months he would follow me around and rest his head on my foot when he felt uncertain or wanted my approval. Example 3: Baby ferret, 4-6 months of age when he moved in. He is a sweet ferret and was not mishandled in his firsthome. He is as friendly as can be and loves everybody… but that’s just it – he doesn’t care whether or not you are his owner or a stranger in the house. He thinks that everybody is great, but he is our least bonded ferret. He will run to be rescued if he feels that another ferret is picking on him, and beg for treats, but he will do this with all people. So far as I can tell, if we were replaced tomorrow by a new family, he would not be phased in the least. If you buy into the “babies bond more” than this ferret should be more affectionate and attached to us than any of the ferrets in the previous examples, but this is not the case.
DSCF0579.JPG4) Getting a ferret as a baby will not make them cuddle. Some ferrets are more cuddly than others, regardless of when you get them.This depends on the animal’s personality rather than their age. I have two ferrets nearly the same age. I got them both at a young age – one 3 months, one 4-6 months. The one that I got at 4-6 months old is and always has been a much cuddlier ferret than the one that I got at an earlier age, but neither is as cuddly as the male that I got at 5 years of age, or the 3 year old male that we fostered for a brief period.
5) If you are adopting from a rescue, the rescue volunteers are often very knowledgeable about that particular animal and more than willing to offer post-adoption support. This can be invaluable if you are concerned that the animal is ill, or if you have any questions regarding the animal’s behaviour. Most shelters are more than willing to take the animal back if things don’t work out and though you may not get a refund, you can feel confident knowing that the animal will not be euthanized or sold to an inappropriate home.

In short: yes, babies are cute and fuzzy, but for first time owners, adults are often a better option and no, getting an adult will not rob you of any ferret affection.

Celebrating February ~ National Bird Feeding and Pets Dental Health Month

February is full of celebrations. It’s truly a month meant for lovers. Apart from Valentine’s Day, February also celebrates the unconditional love of pets. That’s right! February is National Bird Feeding and Pets Dental Health Month. That means along with showing love towards your beloved, the second month of calendar year also provides big opportunity to shower lots of love and care for pets and animals around.

Sponsored by National Bird-Feeding Society, National Wild Bird Feeding Month is celebrated to encourage people for feeding wild birds during coldest months of the year. Feeding birds in winters is utmost important, as during these months their natural food sources become deficient and they heavily rely on us filling our bird feeders with seed and suet.


As birds do not store lots of fats like other animals do in winters, so they need to restock theirfood supplies every day. This makes winter, the most crucial time of the year for our little feathered friends to fulfill their source of nutrition. Do you know, that some birds often can’t live for more than 24 hours without eating in this severe weather. So this month, feed your backyard feather friends to flock year round and let them feel that someone’s here who cares for them.

Now, coming to Pets’ Dental Health. Periodontal disease, an infection of gums, is one of the most common diseases that most animals encounter. That’s right! Like human beings, animals may also suffer from various dental problems. And, the key to prevention to these problems is very simple, inexpensive and may improve your human-animal bond — Brush your pet’s teeth on regular basis. This may seem funny, but it’s important to get your pet’s teeth brushed, in order to keep gum- and teeth-problems miles away!If your Fido or Fluffy is having a bad breath, then you must consult a veterinarian! That odor might signify a serious health risk, with potential to damage not only your pet’s teeth and gums but its internal organs as well. To address the significance of oral health care for pets, the AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association) and several veterinary groups are sponsoring National Pet Dental Health Month in February.


Veterinarians strictly prohibit using human toothpaste for brushing pet’s teeth. It is too harsh for them, will wear away their enamel too fast, and may cause stomach upset when swallowed. So, it’s a wise option to consider tooth brushes and made-for-pets toothpaste for this purpose! In addition to brushing teeth, pet parents can also usespecial dental treats and toys for pets to keep provide them a Million Dollar Smile!Check out some dental care products and pet supplies offers from famous online pet stores, like Petco, PetSmart, Drs Foster and Smith, and lots more. You can use Petco coupons, PetSmart coupons, and Drs Foster and Smith coupons to shop products from these stores at discounted prices.

Taking Care of All Your Loved Ones at Woodbridge Animal Hospital

Having a pet is one of the greatest joys in the world. Pets of any kind are a major source of happiness and stress relief for people. At Woodbridge Veterinarian, we know that your pets are part of your family and have dedicated ourselves to giving them the best care available and putting your mind at ease.

Woodbridge Veterinarian is a veterinary clinic located in Manassas, Virginia and is recognized as the leading Manassas Animal hospital. We are dedicated to providing the complete and varied care your pets require. We know what your pet means to you and your family. This is why we work daily to ensure that you are getting the most accurate and updated information in veterinary health while your pets get the best healthcare available.

The Manassas Animal Hospital has received numerous awards, recognitions, and testimony. We are members of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA), which has built a tremendous reputation for offering quality traditional medical and more modern care to many kinds of pets. We are also members of the Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society, Academy Veterinary Medicine, Inc., and the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Our services range from vaccinations, grooming, and boarding to radiology, surgery, and pain management. Rest assured that 24-hour emergency service is available to your pet during office hours. If your pet should need emergency care after hours, we have conveniently listed the contact information on local, after-hour emergency clinics where your pet will receive prompt medical attention from highly competent medical teams. We also offer many food products, medicine, pet supplies in our on-site pharmacy and have made it convenient for you to order your items online through our website.Our medical team is highly trained to give your pets the medical attention they need. We pride ourselves on being experts on preventative care, treatment, and well as the ability to help you and your pet achieve and maintain a high quality of life. Our staff members have had years of training, practical experience in both traditional and modern medical treatments.At Woodbridge Veterinarian, we love our job and the satisfaction of helping animals live longer, healthier lives with the humans who love them. Our compassionate medical team understands the pain and worry people may go through when a much-loved pet is ill, this is why we want you to put your worries aside and remember that when you are in the Manassas Animal Hospital you are in good hands.

Our staff members are always standing by to answer all your questions and our medical team is always ready to give your pet the best care possible. Please feel free to contact our office at any time.

Teaching your Child Kindness Towards Animals

Surely children and pets go together like .. well, jelly and peanut butter, a horse and cart, strawberries and cream? ….. but that’s not always the case. When children and pets are with each other you might be led to believe that whilst your kids aren’t made of snips and snails, they have been created to pull puppy dogs tails. And to tease sleeping cats, chase flocks of pigeons away from the crumbs someone’s scattered for them and squash stranded worms on the pavement.
Regrettably young children and pets don’t naturally interact well, toddlers often see animals, like other objects in the house, as toys to be manipulated for their own entertainment. The long ears, tails, fur, feathers or other interesting features make yanking, tugging, squeezing, squashing and chasing them even more enjoyable.
But because toddlers see this kind of behaviour as fun, that most certainly doesn’t mean that it’s acceptable. After all you want your children and pets to get along together so you’re going to have to teach your toddler respect for animals. Not teaching them to be kind to their pets can have a negative effect on both the children and pets – many creatures have no defence against curious toddlers or alternatively an animal who can defend itself may do so. Try the following to begin to teach your child empathy with and respect for animals:
Find different kinds of animal friends
If your toddler meets different kinds of animals in different settings, they will begin to feel more comfortable around them. Make sure that the owner is present though, and happy for your child to interact with her animals – safety is of course paramount when children and pets are together. Never, ever leave your toddler unsupervised with a pet, no matter how docile you believe that creature to be.
These are a great place to find new animals to introduce to your child. Start with simple books with large, easy to distinguish pictures of familiar animals. Then move on to more exotic and unfamiliar species. Toddlers particularly enjoy books about baby animals or about children and pets like themselves and their pets, which will including animals they are familiar with. Visit my website Scruffy’s Bookshop for a good selection of instantly downloadableanimal stories.Teach your child the art of petting When children and pets are together, the child’s natural response is to smother the animal with their own particular brand of love. You are responsible for showing your child how to safely pet an animal. You can begin by using your toddler’s collection of stuffed animals to paractice on. “See, this is how you pet Rabbit, gently and slowly, just how he likes it.” Or for even more fun, get your child to pretend he or she is a baby animal that you can pet gently. If you’re feeling really brave, then you can pretend to be the animal yourself and let your child pet you!
Explain that it hurts
Tell your toddler that animals have feelings too, and that tail pulling, ear pulling, kicking and squeezing will hurt the animal as much as it would hurt them. Be very firm with them and absolutely clear that such actions are completely unacceptable.
No teasing
When children and pets are together they often want to play. But what a child sees as an enjoyable game, may in fact be teasing the animal. Teasing animals is not only unkind but potentially dangerous. Actions such as waving a bone out of a dog’s reach or pretending to eat from its bowl may bring about an aggressive reaction from the animal.
Of course children and pets do get along together, and once your child has learned respect and love for the animals in his or her life, you will have laid the foundations for them to enjoy lifetime of happiness and love with members of the animal kingdom.

Georgetown Animal Clinic Tips for Optimum Pet Health

Georgetown animal hospital is becoming a common site with the rising number of pet owners in Ontario. This is a good sign for the pet healthcare in the area. The number of pet clinics is rising as per latest statistics which mention that number of clinics have almost doubled in the past decade alone. This represents the growing potential of the area as an upcoming veterinarian hub for GTA area. Let us discuss some of the tips from professional veterinarians.

The day you bring a pet in your life, from that day it is your responsibility to serve your pet the best care. It is your responsibility to provide its best nutrition, safety, accommodation and so many other things to promote its healthy and happy life. You can find the best vet in your area for your pet’s regular examination. Many Canadian residents visit local Georgetown animal clinic for their pet’s best health examination and recovery. The vet can help you in understanding what your pet actually needs and desire so that it gets all what it deserves.

Essential Tips For the Best Health Care of Your Pet

  • Examination on Regular basis is Crucial

Examination can help you to know in advance if there exists any problem and you can take preventative measure to avoid any serious problem to develop. Regular visits to your vet keep your pet healthy and also makes you aware of so many things which you may not know about. Consult your vet about your pet’s diet, medication and vaccination.

  • Prevention from Parasite attack

Local veterinarian hospitals in Georgetown have now the equipment and expertise to offerparasite prevention much better compared to the last decade. Parasite attack is extremely dangerous and can lead your pet to death if problem not attended on time. Among variousparasites fleas are the most common external parasite which invites so many other parasitesinto your pet. Fleas have the tendency to plague pets resulting in irritated skin, infection and hair loss. There are many intestinal parasites including tapeworms which are dangerous. So, prevent your pet to get attacked by these little assailants.

  • De-sexing Your Pet by Spaying and Neutering

It is the best method to avoid multiplication in the number of pets. You can get your pet spayed and neutered but make sure this procedure to be performed at the age of six to eight weeks. This method keeps your pet calm and much less aggressive. Therefore, minimizes the tendency to roam and also lowers the risk of getting lost.

  • Maintenance of Weight

It is very essential to maintain the weight of your pet. It is very common among the pets that they are suffering from overweight or obesity. These diseases lead to further problems such as diabetes, heart problems, arthritis or cancer. Sometimes, homeowners out of love feed their pets unnecessarily and develop the habit of over-eating in their pets. Do not feed your pet what all humans can enjoy, that can be dangerous for your pet. For example chocolates, junk-foods etc.

Regular visiting to your vet clinic can eliminate your ignorance about so many facts which you usually ignore on a daily basis including exercise and dental care twice a week etc. Over feeding should be avoided to determent so many aftermaths of overfeeding to your pet. Good healthy diet, regular exercise, neat and clean surroundings can promote your pet’s healthy and happy





The objectives of this topic are as follows:

  • to provide detailed  information on wildlife pet utilization to man
  • to categorically state the challenges of  keeping wild animals as pet
  • to expose the different era wild animals have been used as pets to man
  • to itemize the different purpose of keeping wild animals pets


Pets are animal kept for companionship, interest, or amusement i.e. animals kept for the main purpose of companionship, pleasure and given adequate comfort as opposed to animals for zoo keeping, working animals, biological research. The animals kept as pet ranges from domestic to wild animals. Although a lot of controversies have being raised on why wild animals should be kept as pets owing to the risks involved but this has not deterred wildlife Pet keepers as their numbers are increasing from time to time. According to library index  {pet history} keeping an animal for pleasure rather than for food or work was possible only for people who were well off and had the resources to feed extra mouths


Pet keeping was a widespread and well accepted phenomenon in classical antiquity raising disapproval only when pets supplanted or where thought to supplant children in human affections {Bodson. L, 2005}.

Although historians are not sure when exactly humans first started keeping animals as pets but there exist evidence in literatures, arts, and tombs that indicates that far back before the civilization in Egypt the pharaohs and queen kept animals such lions, grey parrot, rabbit, monkeys, wild cats as pet, according to historian Kasey Grier of the University of South Carolina, tropical birds, such as parrots, were highly valued in American society before recorded music became available. The ancient Greek and Romans of all ages also enjoyed animal companions of different species from insect to mammals. {Bodson. L, 2005}

According to the information stated in library index websites the origins of ornamental goldfish date back to the seventh century in China, where Buddhist monks first raised them in ponds and by the fourteenth century the Chinese were keeping goldfish indoors in bowls as pets.


The modern age of pet keeping began in the mid-1800s, when a thriving middle class emerged in society. This was the first time that many people had the time and money to keep animals solely for companionship and pleasure. {Library index; pet history}


Many people have kept different species of animals in captivity over the course of human history in Nigeria, only a relative few have being kept long enough to be considered domesticated. Other types of animals notably monkeys, parrots, deer, duiker, ostrich have never being completely domesticated but are still commonly sold and kept as pets.

Moreover, monkeys one of the common wild animal pet in this part of the country are kept for the purpose of comfort (stress relief), exercise and social interaction. Similarly they are regarded and used as errand mate instead of man in some area Bayelsa state (Akenfa town), Rivers state, Delta state {personal communication and observation}.

Furthermore, parrot and monkeys are used as security in some parts of Nigeria because of their keen ability to recognise strangers and intruders.


There are many purposes and reason humans keep wildlife as pets and these purposes and reasons determines the selection of a particular animals as pet, few are highlighted below:

  • Hobby
  • Companionship
  • Security
  • Errand mate
  • Beautiful colour display
  • Acrobatic display
  • Games
  • Inspirations (religious/culture)
  • Affiliating with the natural environment
  • Hunting/scaring away other animals etc.


There are numerous animals kept as pet worldwide but few are listed here.

  • Bird- Birds such as falcons, ducks,owl raven, turtle doves, hoopoes (small, colourful bird), parrot and geese (by nobles) are common pets kept for their beautiful colours, display (courtship) and ability to mimic human voice.
  • Chimpanzee and baboons they are kept as pet for their abilities to perform acrobatic display, behave like humans etc.
  • Cat- Perhaps first domesticated by Egyptians, the cat was valued as a controller of pest and vermin (mouse-catcher). They also had value as companions to their owners, which were mostly women. Despite their popularity, there is only evidence of one instance where a pet cat had a name. Its name was “the Pleasant One”.
  • Dog– The main pet of ancient Egypt, the dog was beloved by all classes. The dog is thought to be the earliest domesticated animal, and was used as a hunting partner, an aid to herders and farmers, and as a watchdog. Unlike any other type of pet, a family dog was almost always named; in fact many were given human names just as if they were a human family member. They are the only species to be given that honour in Egypt. The love affair Egypt had with its dogs is represented in the many coffins found containing the family pet.
  • Gazelle- These were domesticated and kept in the home. They were loved for their gentle nature.
  • Deer- a small herbivore that have being kept in some house hold of America and many parts of Africa including Nigeria
  • Duiker- small antelope reported to have been successful kept as pet in different house hold worldwide.
  • Lion– Archaeologists presume that pet lions had their deadly claws and fangs removed before being given pet status. They were royal pets, and regularly roamed palace grounds. The amount of domestication that occurred is unknown.
  • Monkey– Patas monkeys, green or vervet monkeys and baboons were second only to dogs in popularity as pets. This popularity is mostly due to their ability to be trained to dance, sing, or play musical instruments for the entertainment of their human companions. They were appreciated for their comic appeal, and were customarily kept collared and leashed. Those who were owned by wealthy families often wore gold jewellery as fine as that worn by humans.
  • Pythonrock python, python regius are pet in Thailand, America and other parts of the world
  • Crocodile – Although often regarded as not a good pet because of the size and level of aggressiveness but people still keep species of small dwarf caiman, dwarf African crocodile as pet.
  • Giraffe
  • Iguana- blue neck iguana and other species of iguana are kept as pet in America and some parts of Nigeria
  • Tigers-


The challenges and disadvantages of keeping pet has always limit the keeping of animal especially wild animals as pet

  • Belief- certain people have seen certain animal keeping as pet to be bad stating they are against cultural, religious belief e.g. keeping owl as pet in delta state has always been seen as practicing witchcraft.
  • Disease carriers (zoo noses) – some animals used as pet have the tendency of transmitting certain pathogens causing diseases to their owner and this have brought about limitations in keeping such animals and other that their potency of causing diseases has not been known. E.g. foot and mouth diseases (FMD) a viral diseases that can be transmitted by antelope, giraffe etc.
  • Destructive animals- some of this pet are capable of destroying crops, plantation seedling, food stuff when they get out of control e.g. primates such as the monkeys baboon etc.
  • Dangerous- some of these pet kept has been reported to grow outrageous there by turning against their keepers either because they have being traumatized or because they have grown too old in captivity e.g. python keepers in America (Nationalgeographic channel documentary) and baboon keepers in Africa (Delta State Nigeria).
  • Education/Awareness- there have always being little or no awareness given on the importance and benefit of keeping certain wild animals as petand the low information(feeding, housing etc.) given on the status of the animal that should be kept as pet has also contributed to the poor utilization of animals as pet.
  • Income – many people that would want to keep certain animals as pet often do not have the finance and resources to keep and manage them due to low income earnings and those that have and cannot meet up with their up keep usually engage in donation of the animals out to the zoo.
  • Pet price- the price of purchasing certain pet is high due to the process involved in acquiring them from the wild. This has led to people choosing domestic pet over wild animal pet.
  • Bureaucracy- the process involved in acquiring certain wild animal as pet is very long and complicating e.g. pythons, tiger and lion pet keepers (America, India, Nigeria) often go through along processes in obtaining licence for the animals.


Although the wild animals are removed from their wild to serve as pet which could be regarded as altering the natural environment but in as much as it is utilized wisely as pet (pet keeping) it is encourage in conservation science hence the establishment of agencies such as CITES etc. that usually monitor trades on not only endanger animals but wild animals in general.


Bodson. L, {2005}   motivation for pet keeping in ancient Greece and Rome, a preliminary books,348pp. 13/09/2010

Lecture note of Dr Ijeomah wildlife management and utilization 2010 4/08/2010

“”>Pets – History

Personal communication, (2010).

Breakthrough for Animal-Lovers: Deduct Your Pets from Your Next Tax Return

In 2009 the Humanity and Pets Partnered Through the Years Act – more commonly known as the “Happy Act” was proposed. This law granted a $3,500 tax deduction for pets. While many people laughed, the Tax Court has apparently listened. Recent decisions rendered by the Tax Court has supported pet owners and animal carers everywhere and their right to deduct pet expenses from their taxes.

Animals as Charitable Deductions

The Tax Court recently overturned an IRS decision, supporting the rights of a taxpayer to take a charitable tax deduction on expenses spent on caring for feral cats for a nonprofit organization. This decision has opened the way for other taxpayers to take charitable deductions on pet expenses.

As it stands, the decision allows taxpayers to take a charitable-gift tax deduction for expenses directed toward the care of animals if, and only if, the expenses further the cause of the nonprofit. The organization in question must be a registered nonprofit with the IRS. Volunteers hoping to take such deductions must also have a written statement from the organization outlining their specific duties.

In addition, if you wish to pursue claiming such a deduction, you must maintain highly specific records. Each and every expense you wish to claim must be itemized and include appropriate documentation. At present nonprofit groups such as the Humane Society of the U.S. currently have plans to make use of this program.

Deductions for Normal Pet OwnersWhile this decision is aimed specifically at nonprofit organizations, there are some who think it might have implications for normal pet owners as well. The following methods are means by which you might be able to claim tax deductions on your own pets.
  • Estates and “Pet Trusts”. If an animal has monetary value, such as a show dog or purebred, expenses related to caring for the pet while an estate is being settled may be deducted. Expenses might also be tax deductible if the owner can prove that the animal contributes to the safety of the property. This can be a tricky area, however, and it is advisable to seek the counsel of a qualified tax attorney before making any deductions.
  • Service Animals. If the pet in question is a service animal, such as a guide dog or other kind of therapy dog, the expenses related to caring for the creature might be deductible. However, these deductions are only permissible as medical expenses.
  • Moving Expenses. For now, the IRS does not require itemized reports for declarations of moving expense-related tax deductions. This means that for taxpayers who meet the baseline requirements—such as those who are relocating for a new job—the cost of relocating a favorite pet may also be included.

ABVC Pets Necessities L.L.C Launches New Website

ABVC Pet’s Necessities is a Dubai pet shop supplying a range of pet related products that enable you to give your animal a healthy and happy upbringing. Customers frequently visit us because we have in depth knowledge of animals and pet care. We stock only the highest quality products that are necessary for a (growing) animal.

Our brand new web shop reflects our fun and playful nature as well as our dedication to meet the requirements of a variety of pet needs. Our Dubai pet shop stocks different food,accessories, travel, maintenance and grooming products that not only benefit your pet but also contributes to the ever so important bonding sessions.

When you visit the ABVC webshop homepage you will view a colourful boulevard with multiple buildings that lead you to the pet supplies you’re looking for. They include cats, dogs, aquarium fish, small mammals, reptiles and birds. In addition we have a cinema section dedicated to our favourite animal videos found on the web, which we are sure will provide you with a lot of laughs and knowledge. There is also a ‘Zoo’ section dedicated to helping you source healthy live pets. In our Dubai pet shop we have excellent pet knowledge so we can give you sound advice on which animal can be the perfect addition to your family and answer any other questions you may have.We care about your family’s ability to cope with a new pet just as much as we care about the pet being introduced into a loving home.Free Delivery on Quality Pet Products and Excellent Grooming ServicesIf you already have a wealth of knowledge on pets and simply want to source the food and materials you need, you can shop by pet, product needed or preferred brand and choose from world class pet food providers like Royal Canine, Fish4Dogs,  Eukanuba & Iams, Proplan, Whiskas, Pedigree, Purina, Beaphar, Zupreem, Harisson’s amongst many others. The food can be delivered to your house with no additional delivery costs involved.  For those of you interested in booking a grooming appointment you can call us at 04-3958997 or book on-line at is a Dubai pet shop that puts a lot of effort into giving our customers and their pet’s premium services. We are very proud of what we do and our passion is for all pet owners and pets alike, to have a great relationship and to be looked after in the best possible way.

If you have any questions or are unsure as to what are the best food items and quality products required for your pet, don’t hesitate to visit ABVC in store and research our new webshop, our on-line chat is at your service for all your pet related questions.

Bring Your lovely pets to Animal Hospital in White Rock Lake

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Jack Kennedy is the author of this article. To Know More about Animal Hospital in

Provide Dog Cooling Bed To Your Pet Animal And Keep His Heath In Good Condition

 At present, millions of people are living with pet animal and over sixty percent of householdswith pet animals. Dog is the most preferred animal for many people and they love their pets very deep. Unfortunately, many persons are not providing all comforts to their pet animals, since they are not aware of many facts. Animals, especially, dogs feel very comfortable, only when they are in the Dog Cooling Bed.
The thermo regulating bed is not only comfortable for the dog, but also provides health benefits to the dog. Dogs may not love to be in hot condition and they would prefer to have coolness, when they sleep in the bed. Since the special dog bed offers perfect temperature for the body of the dog, it would feel very comfortable, with the climate. No electricity is needed to operate these dog beds and in addition, provides the best living temperature for the dog. It is just enough to add instructed quantity of water and the Dog Cooling bed is ready for use.
It is necessary for the dog to have perfect health condition and it should be prevented from all types of infections, especially, from fleas and mites. Only healthy dog bed should be used for the dogs and no ordinary bed should be used for the dog. When people purchase the dog special bed, they need to purchase all additional accessories, along with the bed, so that the dog gets complete relief from the outside temperature and other troubles.
When the dog is suffering from incontinency, it is absolutely necessary for the pet owners to buy special beds for Incontinent Dogs. Involuntary urination is known as incontinency and it is always a disturbing disease to the dogs. When dogs have this health disorder, the entire area could be infected and it is better to provide specifically developed healthy dog bed to the animals. Pets have to be protected from moisture and when they are given elevated dog beds, it would be better for them.
When people take their dogs to outdoor programs, they need to have special cooling cots, so that they stay very comfortably. When people come to know that their dogs have incontinency, they should purchase only the beds, which are meant for Incontinent Dogs. Online pet stores deal with latest pet beds and buyers should visit one of these shops for their dog special beds and other essential pet products.

Healthy Paws: Cat Insurance

Pet ownership is a trait possessed by very many people. There are those that keep pets because they love them while there are others that own pets for the sole purpose of providing companionship. Regardless of the reason you own a cat, Healthy Paws has got your covered, when it comes to pet insurance matters.
Pet insurance from Healthy Paws seeks to provide coverage for illnesses, injuries and any emergencies that may occur. With the pet insurance policy, you are assured that your cat will get treated if it ever becomes ill, regardless of your financial position.
Like all other policies, the Healthy Paws insurance policy comes with certain exclusions. The principal exclusion being that it does not take care of pre-existing conditions. As a cat owner, you will find that a pre-existing condition is regarded as any condition that was identified by you, or a veterinarian before the policy came into effect.
However, the list of conditions covered by this policy is longer than the conditions that are excluded. Once you acquire the policy, you can rest assured that it will cater for;
• Chronic conditions
• Prescription medication
• Specialty care
• Surgery and Hospitalization
• Cancer
• Diagnostic treatment
It is normal for cats to get curious and to want to explore their surroundings. Curiosity often leads to a cat incurring a severe injury, especially if it did not exercise any care. The Healthy Paws Pet Insurance will guarantee that it gets emergency care in case it gets hurt when exploring its surroundings.
Unlike other policies on the market, this particular policy is valid for a lifetime. What this means is that if your cat were to develop diabetes or another serious condition down the line, Healthy Paws would be there to make sure that your companion gets the best medical care available.
Healthy Paws has made it easier and faster for cat owners to file claims. Gone are the days when a cat owner had to fill in a claim form and then submit it for processing for it to get considered. All you have to do is send Healthy Paws the invoice received from the hospital through the online customer portal, or through the mobile app installed in your smartphone.
Once submitted, you will need to wait for a few days for the claim to get processed before the reimbursement check is issued. When filing a pet insurance claim for the first time, you are expected to provide the cats medical records for this claim to get completed.

How to Advertise Animal and Pet Business through Club Flyers?

It does not matter if your pet business is big or small, new or old, you will need proper marketing campaigns to increase your profit. You should not ever underestimate the effect that proper marketing plan can have on your pet business. When you market your business, the enthusiastic pet owners will become aware of your existence.

When you first start your business, you might be tight on your budget for advertisement. One of the most effective and affordable ways to advertise your campaign is club flyers. Flyers are full page advertisements that are distributed to the prospective customers. You can either make them or your own or get it printed professionally. Nonetheless, there are several factors that you need to keep in mind when you are designing a flyer.

  • The flyer needs to capture the attention of the audience. This is the reason you should avoid using standard and boring looking white paper. Make sure that you are using bright and cheerful colors to brighten the message that you want to convey to the prospective buyers of the pets.
  • The primary purpose of the flyers is to increase the sales and not just to popularize your name. It is far more effective than a business card. Make sure that you highlight the services that you are offering along with the pets. Also, mention the services and products that your business provides.
  • You can include incentives and offers. This way you will be able to grab the attention of the customers immediately. It will have a prompt action which in turn will be beneficial for your business.
  • You can add the testimonials of the previous customers. This makes the flyer more effective. Highlight the comments of the satisfied customers. Also, make a list of the benefits of doing business with you. Make sure these benefits can set you apart from other pet businesses competing against you.
  • You can include referrals in the flyer. You can also mention on it that if the customers do not require the particular product or service then they can pass in on to those who are in need of it. You will be surprised by the total number of customers that this referral can bring in to your business.
  • Do not forget to use the back portion of your flyer. Make use of all the space that is available. Mention some of your special deals and extra testimonials in the space that is available.
  • Do not forget to test your flyers from Printing VIP. Use different headlines, incentives, and paper colors to see which one of them gets the best response. Use the one that is generating a better response than the others.
  • You need to distribute the flyers in the targeted area. For these, you have to conduct a research and find out the places where your target audience resides.
  • Make sure that the flyer is of a high quality. If it is of a poor quality then it might have a negative impression on the customers.

Benefits of Buying a Puppy from a Pet Store

If you have a dog in your life, you already know what joy your pooch brings. We’ll show you some benefits that you might not have known about. You already know how good a friend your dog can be. What you might not have noticed is how much more you talk to other people when you’re out with your dog. You’re simply more likely to interact with other humans when your dog is with you than when you are out for a walk by yourself. If you’re looking for puppies for sale weston, be sure to check out your local pet stores. It is the quickest and easiest way to add a four legged friend to your family. Pet stores are easily accessible throughout the Florida area compared to breeders nestled in rural spaces. If you have any issues with your puppy, you’ll want to bring him back to the seller with comfort and ease. Why travel significant mileage to a breeder or animal shelter when there’s a pet store in your neighborhood?

Pet store Davie is open long hours throughout nearly the entire week. You can’t find that type of service at an animal shelter or breeding grounds. Breeders tend to perform the time consuming procedures of screenings and evaluations. It’s unlikely that you’ll have to go through such an extensive process at a pet store where merely a simple form will have to be filled out. Most stores have health guarantees along with return policies. In comparison, breeders and shelters often do not offer similar benefits.

Most pet stores just purchase pups from families that they know well. Store proprietors visit these families to investigate the premises, the wellbeing of the puppies and the character of those raising the pups. This screening process lessens the odds of receiving a “patio reproduced” puppy which tragically happens at a few rearing grounds and creature covers. You don’t need a puppy that has been denied of socialization or was presented to unsanitary conditions. This implies you need to manage the controlled environment found in a pet store. You’ll likely get a higher quality puppy on the off chance that you take this course.

In case you’re searching for a solid puppies available to be purchased, head on over to your nearby pet retail look for quick access to a huge amount of various puppy breeds. Store chiefs do the diligent work of finding dark breeds so you won’t need to explore your way through a labyrinth of reproducers and holding up records. You’ll feel like a child in a sweet shop. On the off chance that you can’t discover the sort of puppy that you seek, the store director might have the capacity to uncommonly arrange the accurate breed from their system. The benefits of bringing a dog to work are so increasingly obvious that more companies are catching on. Studies show that people who interact with a pet while working have lower stress levels throughout the day, while people who do not bring a pet see their stress levels increase over time. For more information visit the site .

Need For Comparing Different Pet Insurance Policies

Pet insurance has become very popular in the past few decades. Insurance companies wanting to capitalise on this trend have come up with different types of policies. While all of them are unique in their own way and offer hordes of benefits, it is very important for you to choose the most appropriate policy for your pet.

Hence before availing of any type of pet insurance, it is best to know what is being offered in terms of both

  • Annual premium payable and
  • Benefits and coverage offered.


This can best be known by comparing pet insurance being advertised by different insurance companies. There are several other reasons as to why these policies need to be compared like:

  • Premium payable: This is the most important aspect of any insurance policy and should be compared vis-a-vis the benefits provided for
    • Different policies offered by the same insurance company wherein the emphasis is on the benefits offered and not on the premium amount and
    • Same policies offered by different companies wherein the focus is on the amount payable since the benefits on offer are, more or less, the same.
  • Benefits offered: Benefits offered against a particular pet insurance policy depends on:
    • The type of breed being catered to ,
    • The type of injury being covered wherein minor accidents and illness cost relatively less than long term injury or prolonged illness,
    • The age of the pet for which the insurance policy is being bought.
  • Conditions printed in small print: Many a times, you will find yourself getting impressed with what the insurance agents tell you about
    • The benefits of the policy and
    • The claim settlement process.

But blindly trusting the agent can make you get trapped by the conditions written in small print in the contract. Hence Comparing pet insurance policies will definitely help you to distinguish between what is really on offer and what is only sales-talk.

  • Discounts on offer: Most insurance companies like to ensure that their clients remain loyal to them. For this they offer different types of discount schemes for people
    • Wanting to avail more than one insurance policy with them and
    • People who already have an insurance policy with them but need to buy another one.

It is only by comparing insurance policies that you will get to know about these discounts.

Today, many ways and means are available for getting to know and understanding the different pet policies on offer. Hence these ways and means like that of online comparison should be advantage off. This will help you to choose the best possible insurance policy for your pet.

What’s the Problem With Classroom ‘Pets’?

Many teachers consider bringing animals into their classrooms as a way to teach students about responsibility, pet care, animal science, and more. We know that many teachers who keep classroom “pets” do so with good intentions, but the classroom simply isn’t a suitable home for an animal. There are many issues that come along with having class “pets,” so we hope that you’ll keep the following in mind before choosing to keep an animal in your school.

Here are six reasons to say NO to getting a classroom “pet”:

  • It supports breeders and the cruel pet trade. Many small animals used as class “pets” come from awful breeding facilities where they’re kept in horrific and filthy conditions, deprived of proper veterinary care, and left vulnerable to abuse. Breeders also directly contribute to the severe overpopulation crisis and destroy shelter animals’ chances of finding good homes.


  • It’s unnatural. When sensitive animals are confined to a small cage or tank in a classroom, their needs and natural instincts are almost always ignored. For example, mice and other small mammals are nocturnal, yet they’re regularly kept in brightly lit classrooms and removed from their cages throughout the day. Imagine how stressful it must be for an animal to be frequently handled by children who have no experience doing so.

hamster in cage

  • They’re left alone and left behind. Class “pets” are vulnerable to illness and neglect, as they’re regularly left unmonitored at night and on the weekends without care or interaction. During school breaks, it’s a scramble to find students who can take the animals home. More often than not, if a student does volunteer, their homes aren’t screened and they and their families are unprepared for the comprehensive care that small animals require (which can lead to tragic consequences). If no students or teachers can take the animals in, they often end up in already severely crowded shelters.
  • It’s a health risk. Keeping animals in the classroom is a huge risk for the animalsand for the students. Many kids have allergies, which can be exacerbated by the presence of certain animals. Bacteria such as salmonella can be spread by the handling of reptiles and frogs, and rodents such as hamsters can carry transmittable diseases, too.
  • They’re at risk of abuse. Sadly, some classroom “pets” aren’t just suffering because of unintentional neglect. PETA has received many reports of awful cruelty to animals who are kept in schools, including the following incidents:
    • A snake was stolen from his classroom enclosure and cooked to death inside a school microwave.
    • Two chinchillas were beaten and left for dead.
    • A rabbit in a daycare showed symptoms of illness but was never given any veterinary care—and he died without receiving treatment for his condition.
    • Four pigs had a caustic chemical poured onto them—resulting in painful burns to their backs, ears, and necks.
    • A lamb was stolen from a school’s agriculture building, spraypainted, duct-taped to the outside of a building, and left overnight in freezing temperatures.


  • There are better ways to teach. Kids can learn responsibility and develop respect for animals in countless ways that don’t put a single animal at risk. Teach responsibility through community service projects and by caring for plants and/or a school garden. Teach children about the life cycle and animal behavior by observing local wildlife, watching high-quality documentaries, or using computer programs. Children should never be misled into thinking that animals are classroom tools—there’s never an excuse to put an animal’s well-being at risk.
college students outside studying©


So What Can You Do?

  • Pledge NEVER to keep animals in your classroom, and share information with your students and staff about why you choose to do so.
  • If your school is keeping animals—either as “pets” or as teaching “tools”—voice your disagreement! If you’re comfortable with doing so, write a letter to or have an open conversation with the involved staff members explaining the cruelty inherent in the pet trade and in keeping animals in the classroom, along with the many risks that are involved and the message that keeping animals in the classroom sends to students.
  • You can even write a letter to your principal and school board asking them to implement a policy regarding keeping animals in the school. Be sure to include all the pertinent information, and contact us if you need any assistance!
  • If you already have an animal in your classroom, please make the compassionate decision either to take the animal home or to find a sanctuary where he or she can live peacefully and with appropriate care.

How Pet Therapy Has Changed Assisted Living

It doesn’t take a scientist to know that pets make humans feel good; anyone who’s ever stroked a dog’s fur or felt a cat’s thrumming purr knows this. Science can, however, tell us how and why pets can be therapeutic. Just 15 minutes bonding with an animal sets off a chemical chain reaction in the brain, lowering levels of the fight-or-flight hormone cortisol and increasing production of the feel-good hormone serotonin. The result: heart rate, blood pressure and stress levels immediately drop. Over the long term, pet and human interactions can lower cholesterol levels, fight depression and may even help protect against heart disease and stroke. This is why pets for the elderly can be so beneficial.


One of the biggest concerns of allowing seniors to bring their beloved pets to assisted living communities is that the program needs to ensure the pets’ well-being. Duvall, Washington veterinarian, Dr. Kevin Sievers, comments on the importance of the pets’ needs: “Humans benefit greatly from the companionship of a pet. An animal in the life of a senior can give them new meaning and improve their well-being, so it is important for seniors to have a pet in their living environment. I also think it’s very important to remember the health needs of the pets. Seniors can forget to properly medicate or even feed their pets. Senior living communities need to be able to help their residents care for their pets to ensure the health and happiness of both the seniors and their pets.” So the key to an overall healthy relationship for both the senior and the pet is to have a pet friendly assisted living community that can ensure proper care for the pet, if the owner is not capable.

Fortunately, many senior living communities are on board with this service and even have a Pet Care Coordinator at their communities to help make sure all the pets are well cared for and are up-to-date on vaccines and veterinary care. This ensures the pets are groomed, fed, walked and happy when they otherwise wouldn’t be if the senior is not able to perform these responsibilities.


For seniors, the benefits of a furry companion can be life-changing. Walking a dog is great cardiovascular exercise, but just the simple act of caring for a pet-petting, brushing, feeding-provides both mild activity and a means to stay engaged with the world. Pets can make the elderly feel needed, and that feeling can translate into a greater sense of purpose and self-worth. During what can be a lonely time of life, the unconditional love of a cherished dog or cat can be a bridge to more socialization with others, lowered stress, mental stimulation and a renewed interest in life.

In the past, a move to a nursing home or retirement community meant giving up this important bond with the animal world. While many retirement communities, assisted living facilities and nursing homes still don’t allow pets, it’s great that many of these assisted living communities have decided to integrate pets into their communities, as the pet therapy benefits to the elderly is overwhelming.

“We don’t just let them in,” says Steve Winner, co-founder of Silverado Senior Living with a chuckle, “we require them. Pets are an integral part of what we do.” From the start, Silverado has embraced the power of pets and pet therapy for the elderly to make happier lives for those affected by dementia.

Assisted living communities in the Silverado network not only have dogs, cats and fish on site, but also miniature horses, llamas, chinchillas, and even baby kangaroos. “We ask senior residents to help us care for them,” says Winner. “The responsibility of caring for other living beings builds self-esteem.”

Pets are not only beneficial to their owners, but have also proven to have positive effects on other senior residents at assisted living facilities. “Sometimes new residents can be withdrawn and not very communicative, and it’s the first interaction with an animal that draws them out,” says Winner. “They’re pulled out of their shell by the pets.”


Pet therapy for the elderly has also proven to be a powerful tool for what’s known as “Sundowners Syndrome” evening periods of increased agitation and confusion in those with Alzheimer’s. Animals’ non-verbal communication and profound acceptance can be soothing for those with difficulty using language; some may even connect with memories of their own treasured pets.

The San Diego Humane Society’s Pet-Assisted Therapy Program has noticed how even the most profoundly affected patients have displayed improved appetite, more social interaction and tactile and cognitive stimulation after interactions with pets. “Animals provide unconditional love and emotional support in a way that is unparalleled. Our Pet-Assisted Therapy program brings the joys of animals to people who are otherwise unable to have an animal in their life, such as those living in facilities such as convalescent homes, hospitals, mental health centers, children’s homes and juvenile detention centers,” says Judith Eisenberg, Pet-Assisted Therapy Coordinator for the San Diego Humane Society. “What an animal can give and teach is a powerful source of healing and personal connection.” In this way, pet therapy is an excellent way to provide an extra dimension of happiness to senior citizens.

We encourage you to contact communities individually to learn about their pet policy and find out if there are weight or breed restrictions as well as community pet care programs.

Rabbit Care

       Responsibility involves providing proper housing, nutrition, grooming and veterinary care

       Domestic rabbits are delightful companion animals. They are inquisitive, intelligent, sociable and affectionate, and well-cared-for indoor rabbits can live for seven to 10+ years. Adopting a rabbit, therefore, is a long term commitment.

Rabbits and Children

       Our culture is so filled with images of children and rabbits together (the Easter Bunny, Peter Rabbit, etc.) that many parents see rabbits as low-maintenance starter pets for kids. Nothing could be further from the truth. Rabbits are physically delicate and fragile, and require specialized veterinary care. Children are naturally energetic and loving. But “loving” to a small child means holding, cuddling, or carrying an animal around precisely the things that frighten most rabbits. Rabbits can’t cry out when distressed. Instead they may start to scratch or bite to protect themselves from well-meaning children. Thousands are abandoned to animal shelters for this reason. Many rabbits are also dropped accidentally by children, resulting in broken legs and backs. While rabbits may be appropriate family companions, an adult should be the primary caretaker.

Housing and Exercise

       Many people think that rabbits don’t require much room for housing or exercise. Not so! Rabbits have powerful hind legs designed for running and jumping. They need plenty of out-of-cage exercise time, as well as a cage that allows them to move freely. The minimum recommended cage space for a single rabbit is 2’ x 2’ x 4’. Although wire-bottom cages are common, they can ulcerate a rabbit’s feet. If you have a wire cage, cover the bottom with a piece of wood or corrugated cardboard. Better yet, buy a cage with a floor. Your rabbit needs a safe exercise area with ample room to run and jump, either indoors or out. Any outdoor area should be fully enclosed by a fence. Never leave a rabbit unsupervised outdoors even for a few minutes! Cats, dogs and even predatory birds can easily get around fencing material. Also, rabbits can dig under fences and get lost. You can rabbit-proof an indoor area by covering all electrical wires and anything else your rabbit is likely to chew. Recommended exercise time for indoor rabbits is several hours per day.


  • The most important component of your rabbit’s diet is grass hay (such as Timothy or Brome), which keeps the intestinal tract healthy; feed it free-choice, daily. 

  • In addition to hay, rabbits are also fed commercial rabbit pellets and fresh, darkgreen leafy vegetables. Until they are fully grown (around 6 months), rabbits can have all the pellets they want. After that, assuming the animal is also getting hay and vegetables, pellets should be limited to 1/8 to 1/4 cup per day per 5 lbs. body weight. Pellets should be fresh and plain, without seeds, nuts or colored tidbits. 

  • Fresh water (bottle or bowl) should always be available.

Litter Training

       Rabbits are very clean by nature, and will do their best to keep their living quarters clean. Most rabbits will choose one corner of the cage as their bathroom. As soon as your rabbit’s choice is clear, put a newspaper- lined litter box in that corner; fill it with Timothy hay (or any other grass hay not alfalfa). Pelleted-newspaper litters are also acceptable. If the litter box is changed daily, your rabbit’s home will stay fresh and odor-free. Don’t use pine or cedar shavings! The fumes may affect your rabbit’s liver enzymes, which can cause problems if the animal needs anesthesia for surgery. Avoid using clay cat litters (both clumping and non-clumping); these may result in respiratory or gastrointestinal problems.

Indoors or Outdoors?

       Many people think an outdoor hutch is the best way to keep a domestic rabbit. Rabbits, however, are highly social animals, and a backyard hutch forces them to live in unnatural isolation. Furthermore, rabbits can die of heart attacks from the very approach of a predator or vandal. Domestic rabbits do best indoors where they have plenty of interaction with family members.

Handling and General Care 

  • Pick up your rabbit by supporting his forequarters with one hand and his hindquarters with the other—failure to do so can result in spinal injuries to the rabbit. Never pick up a rabbit by his ears; this can cause very serious injury.

  • Brush your rabbit regularly with a soft brush to remove excess hair and keep his coat in good condition. Ask your veterinarian how to clip your rabbit’s nails. 

  • Rabbits should be spayed or neutered by a veterinarian experienced with rabbit surgeries. Spaying or neutering prevents breeding, spraying (males) and uterine cancer (females). To find a qualified rabbit veterinarian, search the House Rabbit Society web page

  • Rabbits should not be housed with other rabbits unless all are spayed/neutered and they are introduced in neutral territory under careful supervision. Introductions are often difficult and injuries can result.

  • If your rabbit stops eating or moving his bowels for 12 hours or longer or has watery diarrhea, seek expert veterinary care immediately.

How to keep your companion canine happy and healthy

Before You Bring Your Dog Home

       You will need food, water and food bowls, leash, collar, training crate, brush, comb and canine chew toys.

Cleaning Up

       Keep your dog on a leash when you are outside, unless in a secured (fenced-in) area. If your dog defecates on a neighbor’s lawn, the sidewalk or any other public place, please clean it up.


       Puppies 8 to 12 weeks old need four meals a day. Puppies three to six months old need three meals a day. Puppies six months to one year need two meals a day. When your dog is one year old, one meal a day is usually enough. For some dogs (such as larger ones or those prone to bloat), it’s better to continue to feed two smaller meals. Premium-quality dry food provides a well-balanced diet and may be mixed with water, broth or some canned food. Your dog may enjoy cottage cheese, cooked egg, fruits and vegetables, but these additions should not total more than 10 percent of your dog’s daily food intake.

       Puppies should be fed a high-quality brand-name puppy food (avoid generic brands) two to four times a day. Please limit “people food,” however, because it can cause puppies to suffer vitamin and mineral imbalances, bone and teeth problems and may cause very picky eating habits, as well as obesity. Have clean, fresh water available at all times. Wash food and water dishes frequently.


       Every dog needs daily exercise for mental and physical stimulation. The proper amount depends on the breed type, age and health status of your dog. Providing enough exercise will improve your dog’s health and prevent household destruction and other behavior problems common in underexercised dogs.


       You can help keep your dog clean and reduce shedding by brushing her frequently. Check for fleas and ticks daily during warm weather. Most dogs don’t need to be bathed more than a few times a year. Before bathing, comb or cut out all mats from the coat. Carefully rinse all soap out of the coat, or dirt will stick to soap residue.


       You will need to provide your pet with a warm, quiet place to rest away from all drafts and off of the floor. A training crate is ideal. You may wish to buy a dog bed, or make one out of a wooden box. Place a clean blanket or pillow inside the bed. Wash the dog’s often. If your dog will be spending a great deal of time outdoors, you will need to provide her with shade and plenty of cool water in hot weather and a warm, dry, covered shelter when it’s cold.

Guidelines for Responsible Horse Guardianship

Physical Health

       The foundation of good horsekeeping is basic husbandry and health care. All horse owners should know their horses, understand what is normal and abnormal, and establish a relationship with an equine veterinarian for everything from health maintenance to emergency care.

Emotional Health

       Horses evolved as social animals grazing on the open plains, ever watchful for danger. They need companionship. If your horse is alone most of the time, you should consider getting a second horse or other animal, such as a goat, for company. Horses in the wild may walk great distances and spend most of their time eating grass. Horses with insufficient opportunity to socialize, move, and graze are more likely to have behavioral problems, and there are health consequences as well. Given a choice, most horses prefer to be outside under most conditions, even when we’d be uncomfortable. Whenever possible, horses should be allowed on pasture with other horses every day.

Training & Handling

       Humane training is based on a thorough understanding of the nature of horses. By any name, it is not a recent discovery. The basic principles were espoused two thousand years ago in ancient Greece by Xenophon who explained that nothing graceful can be forced.

       A good deal of learning, experience or guidance is needed to be an effective teacher of horses. On a very fundamental level, it involves applying and releasing pressure to tell the horse what to do and if he is doing it. Too often, horses are punished for being frightened, confused, or unable to do what is asked, or because the human half of the partnership does not recognize that the horse is trying. The more refined the art, the more subtle the cues, corrections, and rewards.

      There is no place for fear, “flooding” the horse with stressful overstimulation, or physical punishment, except possibly to prevent a horse from injuring himself or someone else. Many horses, however, suffer not from punishment but excessive “rewards.” Spoiling your horse can have health and behavior consequences and turn him into a horse nobody can handle. Give your horse love, care, guidance, patience, and understanding for free. Save the treats for a purpose and use them wisely.

      It is irresponsible to have a completely untrained horse who can’t be handled if someone else will ever have to take care of him. Every horse should at least learn to accept being caught, haltered, led and loaded on a trailer. It may save his life.

Disabilities & Old Age

       Plan ahead for when your horse gets older, or otherwise becomes incapable of doing the things you once did together. He can be a valuable companion for another horse, yours or someone else’s. He can be a valued companion for you, and a reminder that we must follow through on our responsibilities. He still needs good care and attention, probably more than before, a diet appropriate to his age and condition, mental stimulation, and exercise.

Transfer of Ownership

Do not sell your horse at auction, or to a horse trader you don’t know well. There are alternatives. Be wary of people overly willing to take a “problem horse” off your hands. Be honest and forthcoming, ask a lot of questions, check references, and visit his potential new home if possible. Consider a contract giving you “right of first refusal” should the new owner be unable to keep him. Be realistic about the value someone else will place on your horse, and what his quality of life is likely to be.

End of Life Decisions

       In most cases, there is no easy answer to the question of when living on would be worse than a quick and painless death. Your horse’s veterinarian should explain the problems and prognosis, give you an idea of how much he may be suffering, and help you make a decision, but can not make it for you. It may be the hardest decision you have to make. Don’t become paralyzed waiting for the “right time” or worrying that you missed it. Horses live in the present, and that is your primary concern.

Feline High-Rise Syndrome

One foot precisely placed in front of the other, displaying a balancing act rarely surpassed, Serafina navigates the narrow two-inch walkway high above the ground. She leaps over obstacles in her way, landing solidly beyond them, determined to reach her destination. Olympic gymnast? Circus high-wire artist? No, Serafina is a common house cat.

       Few mammals can outshine the cat in balance, leaping ability and depth perception — all talents needed for a predator who, for thousands of years, had hunted at least some of her meals from trees. The single-tracking foot placement of the cat allows her to move across thin tree branches as well as the narrow back of a sofa. Powerful rear leg muscles and relatively large hind feet enable her to explode in a forward or upward thrust, while keen depth perception ensures that the cat seldom misses her target, be it windowsill or morsel of prey.

       Should the bough break or the counter prove too slippery, do not fear — the cat comes equipped with a righting mechanism. The feline’s fast-working nervous system and flexible spine enable the cat to right herself to a feet-first position before falling twenty-four inches. Spongy paw pads cushion the landing. In falls from fairly high places, the cat will extend her spine and stretch out her limbs in a sort of “flying squirrel” likeness that slows the fall’s velocity. This allows some cats to survive plunges from twenty-plus floors. But these capabilities too often give pet owners a false sense of security regarding a cat’s safety.

Balance isn’t enough

       In warm weather, cats frequently are spotted snoozing in open windows or sunning themselves on fire escapes. Their caretakers are unconcerned because they believe that their cats are creatures of good sense and uncanny balance. If that is the case, why are the cat wards of urban veterinary hospitals filled with felines suffering shattered jaws, punctured lungs and broken limbs and pelvises? Why do these acrobatic daredevils come crashing down to the ground with such frequency that the veterinary profession has named the complaint — High-Rise Syndrome (HRS)?

       One reason for HRS may be that napping cats, like humans, experience both REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and deep sleep. The muscle twitches and dreaming associated with REM sleep can result in enough movement and disorientation to knock a cat off a narrow ledge. The intense prey drive of some cats also may be their undoing, causing them to leap out at a passing bird or insect before considering the consequences. And in a few cases, cats may fearfully flee out of an open window to avoid unusual or sudden goings-on in the house or apartment. More than one cat has escaped out the opening left by an air conditioner removed for servicing. All of these scenarios lead to HRS, which results in medical expenses and a cat’s intense pain and suffering — or death.

Why take chances?

       With a little forethought, calamity can be avoided. Make sure all windows have been fitted with snug, sturdy screens before opening them. Adjustable screens should be tightly wedged into window frames. Use your air conditioner instead of taking a chance on flimsy screens that can be nudged out of the way by a determined cat. Before allowing your cat out on a balcony or terrace, check that she cannot fit through ironwork or lounge on the balustrade. If a cat can fit her head through an opening, her body usually can be worked through as well. Use deck netting or wire mesh to insure safety, and only allow the cat access when properly supervised. If construction or service work leaves an open hole in a wall, keep your cat out of the area.

       Let’s insure that Serafina’s feline acrobatics will be wowing her appreciative family audience for years to come.

Safe Travel Tips

Whether the voyage is by plane or in an automobile, traveling can be stressful for both owners and their pets. But with some preparation, pet owners can ensure a safe and comfortable trip. Always keep your companion animal’s welfare in mind with these tips:

       The ASPCA wants pet owners to think twice about flying their pets on commercial airlines, especially if they plan on checking them in as cargo. The Air Transport Association has reported in the past that approximately 5,000, or 1% of the companion animals that are flown on commercial planes have been injured, lost or killed during transport. Although Congress has passed a law that requires the airlines to establish a separate reporting system if an animal is lost, injured or killed and will investigate the circumstances surrounding the incident, the conditions in which animals are shipped have not changed. 

       Animals continue to be shipped in cargo holds that are not temperature controlled.  “Unless your animal is small enough to fit under your seat and you can bring them in the cabin, the ASPCA recommends pet owners to not fly their animal,” says Lisa Weisberg, ASPCA Senior Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Policy. If pet owners have already committed to transporting their pets on commercial airlines this holiday season, the ASPCA is offering the following safety guidelines.

       Make an appointment with your pet’s veterinarian for a checkup and make sure all vaccinations are up-to-date. Obtain a health certificate from your veterinarian within 10 days of departure.

  • Make sure your pet is wearing a collar and an identification tag. Breakaway collars are best for cats. The collar should also include destination information in case your pet escapes.

  • Book a direct flight whenever possible. This will decrease the likelihood of your pet being left on the tarmac during extreme weather conditions or mishandling by baggage personnel.

  • Purchase a USDA-approved shipping crate that is large enough for your pet to stand, sit and change position in comfortably.  Shipping crates can be purchased from many pet supply stores and airlines.

  • Write the words “Live Animal” in letters at least one inch tall on the top of the crate and on at least one side. Use arrows to prominently show the upright position of the crate.

  • On the top of the crate, write the name, address and telephone number of your pet’s destination point, whether you are traveling with them or someone else is picking up the animal.

  • Affix a photograph of your pet to the top of the crate for identification purposes if the animal should escape from the carrier. Also carry a photograph of your pet.

  • Line the crate bottom with some type of bedding – shredded paper or towels – to absorb accidents.

  • Freeze water provided for your pet so that it will not spill during loading, and will melt by the time the animal is thirsty. Tape a small pouch (preferably made of cloth) of dried food outside the crate. This enables airline personnel to feed your pet in case it gets hungry on long-distance flights or a layover.

  • Do not lock the door of the crate. Make sure it is securely closed, but not locked, so that airline personnel can open it in case of an emergency.

  • Tranquilizing your pet is not generally recommended as it could hamper their breathing. Check with your veterinarian first.

       Tell every airline employee you encounter, on the ground and in the air, that you are traveling with a pet in the cargo hold so that any additional considerations or attention can be provided.  If the plane is delayed, or you have any concerns about the welfare of your pet, insist that airline personnel check the animal when feasible. In certain situations removing the animal from the cargo hold and deplaneing may be warranted.

If you are planning a road trip, driving with a pet usually involves more than putting the animal in a car and driving off, especially if you will be driving long distances or will be away for a long time. The ASPCA offers the following tips to help you prepare for a safe and smooth car trip.

  • Acclimate your pet for a long trip by taking him or her on a series of short drives first, gradually lengthening time spent in the car.

  • Start your pet on a travel-feeding schedule with a light meal two to three hours prior to departure. Never feed your pet in a moving vehicle.

  • In addition to travel papers, food, bowls, leashes, a waste scoop, plastic bags, grooming supplies, medication and a pet first aid kit, pack a favorite toy or pillow to give your pet a sense of familiarity.

  • Make sure your dog has a flat (never a choke) collar with an ID tag imprinted with home address, as well as a temporary travel tag with your cell phone and a destination phone number (and any other relevant contact information).

  • Harness, rather than leash, your dog inside the car.  For smaller animals, a well-ventilated crate is recommended.

  • Don’t allow pets to ride with their heads outside the window as it subjects them to flying objects, inner ear damage and lung infections.

  • If you travel frequently with your pet, consider cargo-area pet barriers, waterproof seat covers or rubberized floor liners sold by auto product retailers.

How to Grow a Chia Pet
Chia pets are entertaining for all sorts of ages. Developed in the 1980s, this ceramic pottery comes in a wide variety of animal shapes. This is an indoor plant that actually has a chia plant that grows on the surface of these ceramic animals. Growing a Chia pet is fast, easy and economical. This ceramic pet is an excellent way to teach kids how to take care of a growing plant.


  1. Fill a deep bowl with enough water to cover the whole Chia pet. Take the Chia pet out of the box and submerge it in the water for 24 hours.
  2. Moisten about a third to half the package of seeds with water until they become paste-like. Take the Chia pet out of the water and place the seeds in the grooves of the ceramic figure.
  3. Set the Chia pet on a plastic shallow container. Place it someplace where it will receive a lot of sunlight.
  4. Locate a cup or container to fill with water. Keep the plant moist with water, but empty the excess water from the drip pan daily.
  5. Trim the Chia pet with regular household scissors or small plant trimmers. Adding a funky hairstyle to this ceramic friend will give him a more personalized look. Get as creative as you want.

How to Become a Pet Sitter

To become a pet sitter, you need to love animals. Pet sitting can be rewarding if the pets are happy. Pet sitters usually stay in the home or visit during assigned periods throughout the day. Some pets will be more demanding; learning more about different types of pets is important. Taking a few steps towards becoming a pet sitter is easy to do as long as you know everything about the animal in your care.


  1. Obtain insurance. Pet sitters need to have insurance to cover themselves from any mishaps that may happen while the animal is in their care. The insurance will require that the pet sitter is bonded if they do in-house sitting. Some states and communities do require a license, but this is more for small businesses that have employees.
  2. Spend time at an animal shelter to learn about the different pets people might have to care for. More experience with different types of animals will help. Only pet sit for animals that are easy to care for and not ones that will require more of your attention than you have available.
  3. Hand out business cards to people at vet offices and dog parks to find business. Spread the word through postings at grocery stores and pet stores.
  4. Nurture your love of animals. Becoming a pet sitter means having a love for all animals. Not all animals are going to be friendly and special precautions may be needed before taking care of the animals.
  5. Talk to potential client while the pets are in the room. The more information about the pets a person has will allow the pet sitter to care for them properly. Make a checklist of everything the owner says about the pet and follow the owner’s directions.

How to Keep a Mole As a Pet
Moles are common animals in North America, Europe, and many other places. Although there are a large variety of breeds, all moles have most of their basic traits in common. Moles are mammals and live in elaborate tunnel systems created with their excellent digging abilities. Known commonly as a garden pest, moles are not good pets and often die quickly in captivity. However, if you discover an injured mole or a mole that cannot be released into the wild, there are ways you can provide for it.


  1. Provide your mole with a large habitat, giving him at least two square feet of space. Glass terrariums are a good choice if they include a screen lid that does not easily come off.
  2. Pour dirt into the terrarium deep enough to provide your mole with digging space. Moles require very little above-ground territory, so fill the aquarium up about 2/3 of the way.
  3. Give your mole water. A water dish is the best way to begin, but moles may adjust to gravity-dispensing water supplies intended for pet hamsters or rats.
  4. Research your mole’s species to find out what its diet consists of. Many moles survive off of worms, some prefer other insects. Moles must eat every hour to survive, so providing the correct food is important to keeping your mole alive.
  5. Darken the room for your mole. Moles prefer dark, cool climates.
  6. Call an exotic animals specialist, rescue or vet for advice on caring for your mole or healing any injuries it may have.

Requirements for Pet Sitters
Pet sitters provide a valuable service to pet owners who need help caring for their pets. Due to busy lifestyles and vacations, pet sitters are in demand year-round. In addition to being knowledgeable about pet care, pet sitters need to be friendly and patient, able to handle both difficult humans and animals. Pet sitting can be very profitable for people willing to work hard to promote their services.


  • Pet sitters care for animals when their owners are away or working. Pet sitters do more than provide fresh food and water for pets. They clean litter boxes, walk dogs, give medications and even bring in the homeowner’s newspaper and mail. While pet sitters sometimes temporarily live with the pets in their care, pets usually stay in their own homes and are visited by pet sitters during the day.

Time Frame

  • A pet sitting job can last for one day or be an ongoing job performed every day while the owner works long hours. If you are pet sitting while the owner is on vacation, you can expect to work for one or two weeks. Dog owners who can’t get away from work may hire you for an indefinite time period to walk their dogs during the day. Because the majority of your jobs will have an ending date, advertising your services in local newspapers, fliers and veterinary offices is a must if you want a constant influx of new clients.


  • As a pet sitter, you should have some background in caring for animals. Although many pet sitters have worked in veterinary offices, you only need to have a genuine love for animals and knowledge about the care of pets.

    Pet sitting is not a 9-5 type of job. You will be working early in the morning and in the evening and will need to be able to work weekends and holidays. Before you begin your business, you’ll need to purchase automobile and liability insurance for your business. If you plan on hiring employees, your insurance coverage will need to include them and you’ll also have to provide workers’ compensation coverage.

    Before agreeing to pet sitting for a new client, you will need to meet the client and go over the type of services you offer. Ask new clients to fill out a contract and questionnaire about the animal and its schedule. Ask for payment before pet sitting to avoid the problem of nonpaying customers.


  • As a pet sitter, you don’t have to work with all types of animals, but can choose to specialize. If you like cats but aren’t comfortable with dogs, you may want to offer a pet sitting service that only cares for cats. If you specialize, you can use this fact to your advantage in your advertising efforts.

    Find out what other pet sitters in your area charge and use that information to help determine your fees. After subtracting all of your fixed costs, determine how much you would have to charge to make a profit. If you’ll be offering services that require special skills such as giving injections, you’ll be able to charge a higher amount.

    While pet sitting might sound more like fun than a business, you’ll need to operate your service in a professional way. Invest in a voice mail system or answering machine and return client calls as soon as possible. Use your computer for your scheduling and bookkeeping needs. Consider joining a professional pet sitting organization such as the National Association of Professional Pet Sitters or Pet Sitters International. You can list your service on these sites, obtain certification and keep updated on trends and practices.


  • As a pet sitter, you will have the opportunity to make your own hours, choose the focus of your business and work only for quality clients. With a solid marketing and advertising plan, you can draw customers and attain a prominent position in the pet sitting market in your area.

How to Care for a Pet Wolf
Wolves are intuitive and free-spirited creatures that, though independent and strong-willed, make great pets. The care and feeding of a wolf, however, is different from caring and feeding a domesticated dog. It is important to know a wolf’s basic needs in order to properly care for your wolf. Here are some suggestions for caring for a pet wolf.


  1. Give them lots of space. The wolf that is your pet is a wild animal at heart. They are used to being able to roam and run for long distances and have a lot of open, natural space to live in. Planning to have your pet wolf live in a small, fenced-in yard suitable for a regular dog is not fair to them and will not make your wolf happy or fulfilled. Give your wolf a large space of at least an acre or two to call home. If you are not able to accommodate your pet wolf this way then a wolf may not be the right pet for you.
  2. Find a wild animal veterinarian. Wild animal and zoo veterinarians specialize in treating and caring for wild animals and their health. These veterinarians are knowledgeable about the differences between caring for exotic pets and domesticated ones and can address any concerns you have.
  3. Feed your wolf a proper diet. A wolf is not the same as a domesticated dog, so feeding it dog food from the grocery store will not be sufficient for maintaining proper nutrition. As with dogs, table scraps or “people food” are a bad idea to give wolves, but supplementing their diet with fresh raw meat is good. Raw meat not only gives them iron and other vital nutrients but also helps your wolf feel like they have acquired a fresh kill for themselves. Talk to your veterinarian about other dietary needs and supplements that can help keep your wolf healthy.
  4. Understand behavioral patterns. Wolves are independent creatures, and it is important to understand the differences between the behavior of a wolf and that of a dog. Wolves are family-oriented pack animals but are not necessarily as cuddly or friendly as a dog; they need time and space to themselves. If your wolf acts stand-offish or spends time on its own, don’t interpret this as a sign that your wolf is ill or doesn’t like you. This is simply its natural behavior and must be respected.
  5. Remember that the wolf is still a wild animal. Not everyone will appreciate living next door to a wolf, and you may not be prepared to handle all of the challenges presented to you in owning a wolf as a pet. Keep in mind a pet wolf is still a wolf, not a dog, but with love and respect it can be a fun and loving pet and companion.

Preschool Pet Theme Activities
If you want to teach your preschoolers math, reading and social skills, plan some activities around pets. Students can learn about how different animals live and what it takes to care for a domesticated animal. You can focus on math skills by helping students figure out how much to feed a certain pet, and of course, they learn how to look after another living thing. It takes the preschooler out of his “me” state of mind, helping him empathize with something less able than he to look after itself.

Classroom Pet

  • Having a classroom pet can help teach your students about nurturing and responsibility. It also teaches them about science, because they can observe the way the pet eats, sleeps, plays and even nurtures her own young. Take turns giving one or two students “zoo keeping” responsibilities for feeding, watering and cleaning. Preschoolers may need adult help with cleaning, especially larger pet cages. Fish tend to work well for preschool classrooms, since feeding is less involved, and you can help when it comes to cleaning out the bowl.

Learning About Pets

  • Introduce your preschoolers to the different kinds of pets people have by reading a book on pets. Teach about pet care with a trip to the veterinarian skit, having one student play the vet, and the other play a sick animal. Allow each student to take part. Discuss with your class what equipment the vet needs and what things he should look for when examining the pet. Have students write or draw about their own pets and what they or their parents do to take care of them.

Taking a Field Trip

  • Let your students see some animals up close. Contact the local pet store or animal rescue shelter to see if you can take your class on a trip to visit the animals. Pet stores typically offer a wider variety of animals, while going to a shelter teaches the kids about how people take care of abandoned or lost animals. Plan a trip to a wildlife rescue organization if you have access to one, so students can see the difference between animals that are appropriate to have as pets and animals that should be in their natural habitat.

Show and Tell

  • Plan a day where students and parents bring in their pets to meet the rest of the class. You’ll have to get permission from the school, and you may need to go to a park nearby instead of bringing animals into the classroom. Have each student say something about her pet and perhaps show a trick, if the animal knows any. Remember that some animals should be kept away from one another, so you may want to split up show and tell and have students bring dogs one day, and birds another, or have students bring pets one at a time.

How to Become an Animal Caretaker
Animal caretakers take care of animals wherever they are housed. This includes zoos, stables, aquariums, shelters, kennels, and parks. Some caretakers look after pets in people’s homes, or in vets’ offices.


  1. Take several courses in high school that are related to this position, if possible. Some suggested courses include biology and chemistry. These courses will help provide you with the foundation you’ll need.
  2. Apply to a college or university to obtain a degree in either zoology, biology, veterinary technology, or another animal-related subject. Most zoos require individuals who are working with animals to have some sort of post-secondary education. Experience with animals is often a requirement for employment; you can gain this experience through volunteering or part-time positions.
  3. Participate in a co-op placement or internship if it is available at your college or university. With this program, you get to work alongside an animal caretaker and experience first-hand what they do. You will get to assist the animal caretaker, allowing you to get a feel for the environment. You can also put this work on your resume. You can receive on-the job training through the American Humane Society or other animal rescue organizations.
  4. Enroll in a certification or other qualification program. The National Association or Professional Pet Sitters offers a two-stage, home-study program for those who want to become a pet care professional. Topics range from business management to animal care and animal health issues. The Pet Care Services Association offers a three-stage at-home study program for individuals who want to learn pet care. Levels I and II focus on animal care and customer service, and Level lll focuses on the pet care business.
  5. Apply for the animal caretaker job of your choice — whether in a kennel, a veterinarian office or a stable. If you’re applying for an entry-level position, such as in a kennel, a high school diploma and experience with animals may be sufficient. If you have post-secondary training or a degree, ask your teachers if they can recommend you for jobs suitable to your skills — for example, with a small-animal vet or a zoo. Also use your volunteer or internship experience as a pathway to regular employment. For example, ask the internship supervisor if she can hire you as a regular employee or recommend you for other jobs.

How to Write a Pet Care Agreement Form
Take extra steps to safeguard your pet in your absence by making a Pet Care Agreement Form. Whether you’re joining the armed forces, taking a vacation or leaving for an unknown period of time, making a pet care agreement form ensures your pet gets the necessary care. Read on to learn how.


  1. Entitle the new document, “Pet Care Agreement Form.” Prepare the introduction to the form by stating that it is legally binding. Add the signing date of the agreement.
  2. Identify the parties making the agreement. Label one the “Owner” of the pet and the other the “Caregiver.”
  3. Reserve a separate section on the front page for identifying the subject animal. State the animal’s name, species, breed, gender and if the animal has been neutered or spayed. Add an additional description of the animal, such as color and special markings.
  4. Explain why the owner is making the agreement. Specify that the owner requests the caregiver to keep the animal during the owner’s absence.
  5. Indicate the dates of the foster care. Clarify that the caregiver must deliver the animal when the owner returns. Make arrangements for extended care if the owner does not return as specified.
  6. Itemize the caregiver’s duties towards the animal during the foster care. Identify the food, water and specific shelter for the animal that the caregiver must provide. Refer to any specific oral or written care instructions from the owner.
  7. Stipulate that the owner does not hold the caregiver responsible if the animal sustains an accidental injury or dies during the foster care. Include a signature page following the form that asks both parties to provide their full names, street addresses, phone numbers and signatures.

How to Teach Children to Care for Pets
Making the decision to allow your child to get his first pet can be a tough one. Adding a pet to the family is a huge undertaking, requiring time and responsibility on both yours and your child’s part. When you feel the time is right and your child is mature enough to start caring for a pet of his own, you’ll need to teach him how to properly care for it.


  1. Discuss getting a pet with your child to ensure he knows how much care is involved. Talk about what type of pet your child would like. For example, a cat tends to be less work as your child doesn’t have to take it for walks and cats are less needy than other animals. Cats require little grooming and normally litter-train well, notes Animal Planet. A dog is usually more social, which means it will require more attention and energy, but it can be more playful. If you’re looking for something smaller, consider a guinea pig, lizard, hamster, rabbit, fish or bird. Take your time to think about what type of pet you’d like, then make the decision as a family.
  2. Show your child how to provide his pet with fresh food and water. Create a feeding schedule and post it where your child can easily read it. Generally, most pets need fed one or two times per day and need access to fresh water at all times. Encourage your child to replace his pet’s water twice per day. Assist your child with feeding time until he gets the hang of it.
  3. Teach your child how to safely scoop out waste from his cat’s litter box every day. His cat may refuse to use the litter box if it’s left dirty, according to Petco. Help him replace the litter weekly. Remind him that washing his hands is very important after this chore, to prevent him from getting sick.
  4. Instruct your child to clean his pet’s cage weekly with water and a mild soap. Bedding will need to be changed a minimum of once a week. Your child must clean a fish tank once per week.
  5. Show your child how to properly groom his pet, if necessary. Your dog or cat may need regular brushing and dogs need an occasional bath to keep them clean. Some pets will need to be taken to the groomer’s for a haircut, ear cleaning and nail clipping.
  6. Encourage your child to give his pet the love and attention it needs. For example, dogs need plenty of exercise to keep them healthy, stimulate their minds and to burn calories, according to the ASPCA. Help your child take his dog for a walk or to the dog park to run and play. Provide your child’s guinea pig, rabbit, lizard, hamster or other small pet with an enclosure big enough to allow plenty of exercise.
  7. Assist your child in making appointments for regular checkups for his pet. A veterinarian can ensure your child’s pet is healthy and his vaccinations are current. He can also address any concerns you or your child might have, according to PBS Kids.

About an Animal Care Technician Career
Animal care technicians work in veterinary offices, animal shelters, zoos, circuses, marine life parks, kennels, farms, pet salons, mobile animal care units and private residences. They provide specialized care to support the growth, well-being and health of animals. Depending on the work environment, animal care technicians may care for a variety of animals or a single species or breed. Their jobs can be unpleasant, physically and emotionally demanding and sometimes dangerous but professionally satisfying nonetheless.

Job Profile

  • Animal care technicians provide caring and nurturing environments for animals of all species and sizes. Their duties vary depending on job type and animal species. In general, technicians tend to the diets and habitats of animals. They interact with animals, give them companionship and manage their care and feeding. Common tasks include training animals, providing them with food and water, grooming, bathing and exercising them, as well as cleaning and sanitizing their environments.

Work Environment

  • Caring for animals can be physically stressful. Animal technicians are regularly exposed to hazardous situations and infectious waste in their cleaning of animal facilities and general handling of animals. Their work involves a lot of kneeling, crawling, repeated bending, long periods of standing and lifting of heavy objects. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, animal care technicians experience work-related injuries, illnesses and emotional duress at a rate higher than the national average.

Education and Job Experience

  • Although a high school diploma or GED equivalent qualifies a person for an entry-level position in animal care, many employers prefer individuals with related experience and love of animals. Many animal care workers learn and improve their skills through on-the-job training and experience. More senior or specialized animal care positions, such as equine trainer or marine life caretaker, require additional training. A bachelor’s degree in biology, animal science or related field is usually required for zookeeper and marine life caretaker positions.

Career Growth

  • Job opportunities are stable for some animal care positions, according to the 2010 Occupational Outlook Handbook. With experience and training, animal shelter technicians may move on to roles as adoption coordinators, animal control officers or animal shelter directors. Some pet groomers go on to open private pet salons or mobile pet care units. Job prospects for zookeepers include senior zookeeper and animal curator, but openings are small in number and occur infrequently.


  • Wages for animal care workers are relatively low. Median annual wages of non-farm animal caretakers were $19,360 in May 2008, according to the 2010 Occupational Outlook Handbook. estimates 2010 annual earnings of $31,043 to $35,902 for animal technicians in the United States. The median expected salary for an animal care technician in the United States is $32,230.

How to Get Custody of Your Pet in a Divorce

Animals are often treated like children in a family. Here’s how to get custody of this “child” when you face divorce.


  1. Understand that no matter how much your pet may seem like a family member, to a court it is just another possession to be divided at divorce.
  2. Know that if the animal was yours before the marriage or if you have been the primary caretaker of the animal during the marriage, you are more likely to be awarded possession.
  3. Tell your lawyer how important your pet is to you and make sure he or she treats this as a priority.
  4. Realize that if you have children, it makes the most sense for the pet to live where the children will live, since they have probably formed an attachment.
  5. Try to talk to your spouse about the pet and see if you can work something out. You might be able to make visitation arrangements.
  6. Avoid separating pets if you have two or more of the same species. This could cause depression or anxiety for the animals.
  7. Recognize that if you have a valuable pet, such as a show dog or show cat, the animal will be carefully considered by the court as a valuable asset – and possibly as a business if, for example, you show the animal and/or collect stud fees.
  8. Show the court that you are the person best able to care for the animal – you have time to play with it, exercise it and groom it. Show that you have space in your home for the animal. If necessary, have your vet testify about your ability to care for the animal.

How to Write a Contract for Pet Sitting Services

How to Own a Pet Bobcat
Owning a bobcat can be a rewarding experience, but it requires a lifetime commitment to responsible ownership. By nature, bobcats are not domesticated animals, so owners must cater to this creature’s natural predatory instincts and habitat.

Prepare to Own a Pet Bobcat

  1. Learn everything you can about owning a bobcat as a pet. Talk to others who own bobcats for insight. Research habits, behavior, needs and care requirements before bringing home your pet bobcat.
  2. Research the laws and regulations for the area. While most homeowners can bring home a domesticated housecat or dog anytime they please, bobcats are an exception. Local laws and regulations may prohibit the containment of an exotic animal.
  3. Visit the town zoning office for information on housing a pet bobcat. The residential area where you reside may not be properly zoned for such an animal. Check with zoning prior to making arrangements to bring home your bobcat.
  4. Secure the licenses required for owning a pet bobcat prior to brining him or her home.
  5. Prepare proper housing for your bobcat. Unlike a dog or housecat, bobcats cannot be given a 4 foot by 2 foot area and live happily ever after. Bobcats like to climb trees and need room to exercise. Since you will not be walking your bobcat, there needs to be plenty of room within the housing you provide for your bobcat to stretch its legs.
  6. Be ready to make a lifetime commitment. Once obtained, you may not be able to find a new home for the bobcat if necessary. With the increase in exotic animal ownership in the past several years, animal rescues and sanctuaries have become unable to help owners who no longer wish to own their bobcats.
  7. Secure a food provider and set up storage. Whether you decide to feed prepackaged commercial food, live prey or a combination of both, you need a supplier and storage for food deliveries. Storage may require a large freezer or a holding cage for live animals.
  8. Arrange care with a veterinarian who is willing to treat your bobcat. Be ready to provide transportation to and from the veterinarian clinic, or make provisions for the veterinarian to visit your bobcat.

How to Obtain an Exotic Pet License in Florida
Pets provide companionship and entertainment. To add novelty to the mix, some pet owners go for the more exotic ocelot over the common house cat or upgrade from a dog to a wolf. Keeping exotic pets in Florida requires a license issued by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) to ensure the safety of both your animal and the public. Florida rules also protect indigenous wildlife from nonnative species. Some animals, not surprisingly, are prohibited for personal possession — such as lions or tigers. Meet the FWC license requirements and enjoy the Florida sunshine with your exotic pet.


  1. Check the FWC’s list of Captive Wildlife Categories for your potential exotic pet. Class I covers the most dangerous carnivores and primates, such as lions, tigers, chimpanzees and gorillas. Florida prohibits owning Class I animals as pets. Class II animals include smaller carnivores and primates, such as monkeys, wolves and coyotes. Class III animals are not specified. Consider any animal not on the Class I or II list as Class III. Florida allows personal possession of Class II and III animals for qualified individuals. Certain reptiles, such as certain species of pythons and anacondas, pose a threat to native Florida wildlife, so the FWC prohibits use of these animals as pets.
  2. Complete the Florida Captive Wildlife Critical Incident/Disaster Plan. You need to provide information about yourself, emergency contacts and your veterinarian. Describe your plan for the exotic animal in case of a natural disaster — such as a Florida hurricane — or a fire or other emergency.
  3. Fill out the FWC Class III Personal Use Application and Questionnaire if your exotic pet falls into Class III — any animal that does not fall into Class I and II. The questionnaire assesses your knowledge of your exotic pet. Return the completed application and questionnaire to the address specified on the application.
  4. Complete the PPL — License to Possess Wildlife for Personal Use form if your exotic animal is a pet that falls into Class II. The application requires that you attach proof your exotic pet does not violate current zoning laws. FWC rules require that you have sufficient knowledge and experience with your animal, and you will also need to document this on the application. Current Florida exotic pet license fees and FWC contact information can be found on the application.
  5. Post a Florida surety bond if required to obtain the license for your exotic pet. Contact a certified surety company licensed to do business in Florida. You will need to complete an application with the surety company, possibly post collateral and pay a fee for the bond. Forward the bond along with your other completed license paperwork and the applicable fees to the address specified on your particular application. If approved, your license will then be issued

How Does a Chia Pet Work?

Chia Pet

  • A chia pet is a clay animal figurine covered with sprouting seeds. The chia pet name is owned by Joseph Enterprises, Inc., a California company that developed the collectible animal figures in the 1980’s.

    The Mexican clay animals are covered with chia seeds from the salvia plant. The animals have grooves in their terra cotta bodies. Chia seeds are moistened and patted into the animal grooves. Seeds absorb water. They sprout and–as the chia grows–look like hair on the animal. The animal shape changes as the chia grows.


  • Start the chia pet by soaking the clay animal in water for 24 hours. At the same time, soak chia seeds in water. The next day, pat the seeds evenly on the animal planter and fill the hollow planter with water. The planter sits in a drip pan. Water seeps through the planter to water the seeds. The planter is kept full of water, and the drip pan is emptied daily. In 3 to 5 days, the seeds sprout.

    After sprouting, the animal is placed in the sun so the seeds develop green growth. The Chia Pet eventually looks shaggy, or the seed sprouts die off. The seeds are scrubbed off, and the chia pet is replanted.


  • When air is dry, seeds do not sprout because they do not get enough moisture. A plastic bag is propped over the animal–not touching the seeds–for a greenhouse effect. After the seeds sprout, the pet is placed in filtered sunlight as the seeds need sunlight to grow. When the seeds first sprout, they have white fuzz or root hairs. If the fuzz continues after a week–and the seeds are not sprouting–mildew has probably developed. The solution is to scrub off the seeds and soak the planter in a bleach solution. Replant.


  • The pet lasts indefinitely, but the chia seeds do not. More chia seeds can be purchased. Substitute different seeds. Basil, alfalfa and other seeds that form a slick gelatinous coat when soaked in water can be used. Some people put the seeds on other objects; they spray them regularly to make the seeds sprout.


  • Chia pets became famous with the “Ch-ch-ch-chia” singing commercial in the 1980’s. The slogan is, “Watch It grow.” The company introduced a variety of chia pet animals, but the collectibles became a fad over time. The chia pet is still sold, and new varieties are marketed as consumers rediscover the green seedy novelty. Today chia pets are available in licensed cartoon characters and other products.

How to Attract New Customers to Your Veterinary Clinic
Hundreds of new veterinary clinics are opened each year as more and more people consider their pets to be valuable family members rather than accessories. Most vet clinics thrive on a full customer base, although it can be a challenge for a business to draw in new clients. Attracting new customers to your veterinary clinic is not an impossible feat, although it will take a bit of time and effort.


  1. Start a website for your clinic. The Internet has revolutionized the advertising industry and a website gives your clinic exposure. You can build the website yourself if you are knowledgeable with website design or you can hire a professional to design one for you. Make sure your page lists your location, services, hours and contact information so new clients can get in touch with you. Focus on attracting new clients from your area, and make sure to highlight any special services you offer or training you’ve completed.
  2. You can effectively use the Internet to focus your search for new clientele on pet owners in your area, using targeted advertising on Google and other search engines. You should also set up accounts with Facebook and Twitter and let your existing clients know about them – they can be invaluable way of spreading the news about special services or events, which also draw in new clients..
  3. Traditional media still deliver, especially for brick-and-mortar businesses in local markets. Place advertisements in telephone books, daily and weekly newspapers and other community publications. You can also visit places such as large local supermarkets, farm supply stores and churches, placing fliers or business cards on their public bulletin boards. Make sure to include feed lots and farm supply stores in your efforts if you’re in a rural area.
  4. Host an open house event to expose your clinic to the community. Send out business cards or fliers to residents in your area inviting them to your open house. Have your staff available to answer questions and schedule appointments if necessary. It is important to pet owners to know the veterinarians that will be treating their pets, so introduce your vets and make them available for questions during your open house. Be sure to provide refreshments and drawings or giveaways for free products or services to entice customers to visit.
  5. Offer incentives to existing patients if they refer a new customer. For example, if an existing client refers two new patients, offer them a free exam for one pet. Word-of-mouth advertising is free and very effective if your customers are satisfied with the treatment their pets receive.
  6. Set up booths at local fairs, rodeos and dog shows to advertise your clinic. If the event hosts seminars, have a veterinarian from your clinic give a talk in her area of expertise. Staying active in the animal community in your area exposes your clinic to many new clients and helps your business expand.
  7. Partner with local humane societies and animal control agencies. Spend one day a month giving dogs and cats their required shots at a discounted rate, either in your facility or the humane society.
  8. Become a participating vet in a pet health insurance program or establish your own discounted services program.

How to Start a Veterinary Hospital
If you’ve always dreamed of starting a veterinary hospital and are in a position to do so, you should know a few things before getting started. Extensive preparation will determine how well your business operates. Here are a few tips on how to start a veterinary hospital.


  1. Write a business plan for the veterinary hospital. Include things like anticipated costs and income projection. You will use this to show lenders and potential investors.
  2. Choose a legal structure for your business. Decide whether it will be a limited liability corporation (LLC), partnership, incorporated or another structure. A lawyer can help you determine into which category your business fits.
  3. Find a facility or land to operate your veterinary hospital. Find a location that is easily accessible to clients.
  4. Hire a lawyer and a certified public accountant. Both of these people will help you get your business started on the right path. They can save you time and money when dealing with problems.
  5. Find vendors from whom to get supplies and equipment. You will need a place to get large equipment and small items that you will use everyday.
  6. Hire employees for your business. You can’t run a veterinary hospital on your own. You will need a licensed veterinarian, a veterinarian technician and at least one secretary to keep track of clients and appointments.
  7. Advertise your veterinary hospital. You can’t just open your door and expect clients to come in. Begin advertising before you are open for business and continue for the life of your business.

Preschool Pet Theme Activities
If you want to teach your preschoolers math, reading and social skills, plan some activities around pets. Students can learn about how different animals live and what it takes to care for a domesticated animal. You can focus on math skills by helping students figure out how much to feed a certain pet, and of course, they learn how to look after another living thing. It takes the preschooler out of his “me” state of mind, helping him empathize with something less able than he to look after itself.

Classroom Pet

  • Having a classroom pet can help teach your students about nurturing and responsibility. It also teaches them about science, because they can observe the way the pet eats, sleeps, plays and even nurtures her own young. Take turns giving one or two students “zoo keeping” responsibilities for feeding, watering and cleaning. Preschoolers may need adult help with cleaning, especially larger pet cages. Fish tend to work well for preschool classrooms, since feeding is less involved, and you can help when it comes to cleaning out the bowl.

Learning About Pets

  • Introduce your preschoolers to the different kinds of pets people have by reading a book on pets. Teach about pet care with a trip to the veterinarian skit, having one student play the vet, and the other play a sick animal. Allow each student to take part. Discuss with your class what equipment the vet needs and what things he should look for when examining the pet. Have students write or draw about their own pets and what they or their parents do to take care of them.

Taking a Field Trip

  • Let your students see some animals up close. Contact the local pet store or animal rescue shelter to see if you can take your class on a trip to visit the animals. Pet stores typically offer a wider variety of animals, while going to a shelter teaches the kids about how people take care of abandoned or lost animals. Plan a trip to a wildlife rescue organization if you have access to one, so students can see the difference between animals that are appropriate to have as pets and animals that should be in their natural habitat.

Show and Tell

  • Plan a day where students and parents bring in their pets to meet the rest of the class. You’ll have to get permission from the school, and you may need to go to a park nearby instead of bringing animals into the classroom. Have each student say something about her pet and perhaps show a trick, if the animal knows any. Remember that some animals should be kept away from one another, so you may want to split up show and tell and have students bring dogs one day, and birds another, or have students bring pets one at a time.

How to Avoid Internet Pet Scams
Buying a new pet on the Internet is never a good idea. In addition to unscrupulous dealers and puppy mills/brokers selling their “stock” to unsuspecting buyers–online scammers use elaborate websites and fabricated stories to bilk substantial amounts of money out of people for pets that don’t even exist. And the pets that do exist, very often have serious health problems. Here are ways to keep from getting duped by online pet sellers.


  1. If buying a dog from a breeder, always visit in person to see how the animals are living and to ensure that it’s not a puppy mill or irresponsible “backyard breeder.” Puppy mills are inhumane factory-style operations that churn out puppies to be sold for a quick profit to pet stores and over the Internet. Puppy mill puppies are often sickly and may have a host of inherited health disorders due to their mothers spending their entire lives in cages being bred over and over. When dogs are constantly pregnant they can’t pass on the proper nutrients to the next litter. Buying dogs from pet stores or over the Internet only serves to keep cruel puppy mills and other irresponsible breeders in business.
  2. Don’t buy pets from a distant buyer, seller or adopter. Often times, buyers aren’t aware that their puppies were born overseas in a puppy mill, then sold to a U.S. broker. Tens of thousands of dogs are shipped into the United States from puppy mills in countries such as Russia and China.
  3. Check references, which can include veterinarians and others who’ve purchased pets from this breeder. And make sure you deal directly with a breeder, not a broker.
  4. Don’t deal with anyone who promises a free puppy for just the cost of shipping. Scammers in these types of transactions often ask you to send more money because the nonexistent dog is “stuck at the airport” for various reasons such as customs complications or problems with the crate.
  5. Don’t fall for claims that the seller represents an animal shelter or is a “good Samaritan” offering the pets for “adoption.” Reputable shelters do not place animals by sending out mass emails and then shipping them to people.
  6. Never purchase a puppy with the promise of getting the AKC (American Kennel Club) papers from the seller at a later time. It takes 6 to 8 weeks for puppies to be ready for a new home, which is ample time for the breeder to receive the papers. It takes a couple of weeks through the mail and only a week if registration is done online. The AKC cannot help you get papers after the sale. In other words, if the seller tells you the dog is “register-able”-run the other way.

How to Open a Pet Store & How to Find Animals
Owning a pet shop is fun and challenging. Helping people find that perfect pet or supplying them with the food and supplies they need is fulfilling work. The challenge is finding quality pets and caring for them until they find their homes.

Opening a Pet Shop

  1. Decide what type of animal and pet supplies you would like to sell. This decision will affect your location. For example, a pet shop that sells dogs needs more space than one that sells only fish. But a pet shop that sells fish needs excellent plumbing, heating and cooling.
    Choose a niche for the pet shop and focus on that animal or even breed for a specialty feel. This is the best option for a small shop. Focus on the best pet food and treats for that animal. Offer the best bedding and kennel options. Choosing a niche market will also allow you to get to know your customers better. Take this information and write a business plan.
  2. Find a good location for a pet shop in a residential community. It’s easier to sell pets from an independent building rather than a mall, because there may be noise or odor involved. Find a location near good traffic flow, but not on an extremely busy street if animals are to be carried in and out.
  3. Hire professionals to go over all of the paperwork. Apply for all necessary sales tax licenses, and make sure the zoning in the building you want to use allows a pet store. Check the livestock and pet laws in your area and draw up a pet adoption agreement accordingly. Draw up any return policies at this time. Contact the department of agriculture in your state to set up an inspection for licensing to sell and kennel animals. Purchase business insurance.
  4. Hire adequate help for the amount of livestock you will offer as pets. Offering pets for sale is an excellent customer draw but requires a lot of cleaning and handling. Make sure to hire staff old enough to understand the responsibilities of working with animals. Look for assistants with expertise in the type of pet they are hired to care for and have the ability to answer customer questions.
  5. Find dry stock vendors for pet supplies and food. Look online as well as locally. Some online distributors offer deep discounts and free shipping on large orders, so consider this for initial orders. Find local dealers for all fresh food needs, or visit farmers markets.
    Find local artists or crafts people willing to sell their goods through your shop to show support for the community and unique pet supplies.

Finding Animals

  1. Help a rescue in need of store space and adoption help. This is the most community-oriented way to stock a pet shop with livestock. You can either lease part of the shop to the rescue at a discount or write it off as a tax donation. The shelter provides veterinary work and pet guarantees to adopting families. The benefit of this is the release of liability for the pet shop owner. No covering of expensive vet bills or dealing with pet returns.
  2. Find reputable local breeders. Look online and talk to other pet owners about where they got their pets and if they would recommend the breeders. Tour any breeder before making any commitments to purchase animals. Personally inspect all areas where animals are kept. If a breeder refuses to let you see an area or tour at all, choose a different breeder.
    Check with the top breeders clubs in your area. Generally speaking, the smaller the breeder the better. Smaller breeders have more time to handle animals, a big plus for pet livestock.
  3. Find pet distributors for livestock delivery of exotic pets or large fish orders. There are some larger pet distributors that have excellent customer service and livestock guarantees. These are for the hard-to-find small animal, reptile or fish. Keep in mind these animals will likely not be well handled when arriving at the shop. Daily handling will be required to ease the pet’s anxieties. Check off-site customer reviews of any major pet distributorship before ordering livestock.

How to Breed Your Pet and Sell the Litter
If you have discipline, a passion for animals, and a willingness to do extensive research, breeding can be a fascinating way to earn money and a great way to be around animals. The mother and newborns will need round-the-clock care and, in most cases, cuddling. If profit is your only goal, you may become frustrated with all the work that goes into breeding pets.


  1. Confirm that there’s a demand for the pet you intend to breed. Animal shelters are full of unwanted cats, dogs and other pets who will be put down if homes are not found.
  2. Calculate medical, food, equipment and other breeding expenses. Factor in the time and energy it will take. Will you be able to make a profit?
  3. Attend shows and join clubs or associations that specialize in your pet breed to stay abreast of news and to learn breeding guidelines. Talk to other breeders and get as much information as you can.
  4. Read up on the reproductive cycle, mating habits, gestation, birthing process, newborn care and weaning process of your pet.
  5. Advertise your intention to breed your bird, fish or other pet in newspapers or online before you begin the mating process. It is irresponsible to breed animals without finding prospective owners beforehand.
  6. Select your mating pair. Make sure both animals are licensed and pedigreed, if applicable. A veterinarian or pet expert can help identify the sex of birds, fish, amphibians or reptiles.
  7. Bring your mating pair to a vet for a prebreeding exam. The vet will check for genetic defects, sexually transmitted diseases and other health issues.
  8. Mate the pair according to your research and the vet’s advice. Provide attentive care to the mother and newborns.
  9. Screen potential owners thoroughly. Look for caring, responsible owners.

How to Become a Free Member on Club Penguin
Club Penguin is a popular site for children that promotes online activity in a safe and monitored environment. The site contains games geared toward children as well as a filtered chat program and staff members keeping watch over the exchanges. Although you get access to more features with a paid membership, you can still sign up as a free member on Club Penguin.


  1. Go to the home page of Club Penguin. Select the “Play Now” option in order to navigate to the login screen. From here, you can choose the “Create a Free Account” link.
  2. Read through the rules before you become a free member of Club Penguin. Rules include no swearing, bullying or giving out personal information. You are also not permitted to cheat at the games. You must place a check mark in the appropriate box in order to agree to the terms and continue registering.
  3. Design your penguin. To continue, you need to choose a name for your penguin as well as her color. You cannot use your own name, and you must choose a unique name that has yet to be entered into the database.
  4. Decide on a password in order to protect your account. You also need to provide a valid email address for one of your parents.
  5. Activate the account. To finish creating a free Club Penguin account, your parent must click on the activation link provided in an email sent from the site. The email will also contain the login name and password associated with the account.
  6. Set chat restrictions on Club Penguin. After activation, the parent can choose whether to allow the child to communicate through Standard Safe or Ultimate Safe Chat. The child needs to use preapproved phrases for Ultimate Safe Chat, while Standard Chat merely filters any attempts at writing curse words or giving out personal information.

Veterinary Hospital Manager Salary
Veterinary managers play an important role in the success of a veterinary hospital. According to an article by Frank Richardson and Darren Osborne in “The Canadian Veterinary Journal,” research shows that veterinarians working in animal hospitals who can spend their time attending to more animals, rather than taking care of management concerns, can make as much as 13 percent more in terms of salary.

Average Salary

  • The average salary of a veterinary hospital manager was $42,000 per year, as of July 2011, according to Richardson and Osborne cite 2006 statistics based on a report put forth by the Veterinary Hospital Managers Association (VHMA) indicating that office managers made average wage of $16.67 per hour or approximately $34,000 per year. However, hospital administrators made nearly double that amount at $30.52 per hour, or nearly $61,000 per year.


  • Salaries for hospital managers vary by location. According to, the average salary of those working in New York was $49,000 per year, while those in Florida and Texas made average salaries of $40,000 per year, as of July 2011. Veterinary hospital managers in California made $45,000 per year, while those working in Michigan made below the average at just $38,000 per year. In a job post on the VHMA website, the Michigan City Animal Hospital indicated a pay range of $30,000 to $40,000 per year, at the time of publication. Noah’s Animal Hospital in St. Petersburg, Florida, reported a salary range of $25,000 to $36,000 per year at the same website.


  • To qualify as a veterinary manager it is not absolutely necessary to have a background working with animals since veterinary hospital managers tend to have limited exposure to the animals anyway. The Michigan City Animal Hospital indicates, however, that a strong background in financial management is needed, along with a background in sales and marketing. Veterinary hospital managers can help themselves and veterinarians earn more money by helping the hospital remain fiscally responsible while, at the same time, increasing revenue through advertising and marketing efforts.


  • Veterinary hospitals tend to offer benefits packages as part of the compensation provided to qualified veterinary managers. Benefits typically include health insurance and paid vacation, as well as additional money for continuing education after a probationary period. This makes it possible for veterinary managers to increase their effectiveness in sales, marketing and management through additional formal education.

Teen Chat Rooms

Chat rooms are often popular among teenagers as an online social gathering spot. Some chat rooms are focused on specific ages, backgrounds and interests. Other teen chat rooms are general purpose and attract a large number of teens of all ages. Teen chat rooms can be a useful way for teens to meet others of like interests, as well as network with individuals from around the world. However, teen chat rooms have also been critiqued as being a haven for online predators. Teenagers need to know how to interact safely within a chat room.


  • Teen chat rooms have evolved slowly over the past decade, though the overall idea of chat rooms has been in place for more than 30 years. One of the first online chat rooms was created in 1974 and named Talkomatic. This was followed by the release of the Internet Relay Chat (IRC) system. IRC quickly gained popularity among young adults and teenagers. In fact, it is still in use today. While IRC was the main chat room network with a largely teenage demographic, teen-specific chat rooms were developed in the 1990s based on Java and Flash technology. Unlike IRC and instant messaging, these teen chat rooms did not rely on a specific piece of software or program, such as MSN Messenger, to operate. This effectively allowed any teenager to access a chat room without having to download a program, increasing the popularity of such teen-focused chat rooms.


  • Teen chat rooms can largely be divided into text-based chat rooms and video-based chat rooms (which generally also allow users to interact via text). Text-based chat rooms limit teens’ chatting to text as the title suggests. Examples include MSN Zone and most Flash- and Java-based chat rooms, such as Chatpit and Chat-Avenue. Video-based chat rooms have overtaken text-based chat rooms in terms of popularity among teenagers. This is largely due to the willingness of teens to become early adopters of web technologies. In this case, many teens started using web cameras connected to their computers to interact via streaming video. Several of the most popular teen chat rooms, such as Stickam, are focused on video chat rooms.


  • Teen chat rooms feature much of the same functions as general chat rooms. Most users are required to register a screen name through which all of their chat interactions are carried out. In text-based chat websites, teens choose a room (usually organized by interest or age) and are able to converse with anyone in the room. The features of a video-based chat room are slightly more complex. Such sites feature streaming video technologies that connect several web cam feeds and display them in a single chat room. Due to the bandwidth and complexities of such technologies, video-based chat rooms generally limit the amount of individuals allowed to chat at once. For example, Stickam (one of the largest video chat websites for teens) only allows nine individuals to chat at once. Both text- and video-based chat rooms allow teens to block other users and send private messages. Some also include other social networking features, such as email systems and message boards.


  • A PBS/Frontline documentary reported that some teenagers are harassed or receive inappropriate solicitations in teen chat rooms. Oftentimes, the parents of these teenagers are not aware that their children chat with other teens online. For this reason, teen chat rooms are often criticized for not protecting underage users from digital bullying. Various consumer groups have also raised concern that sexual predators may use teen chat rooms to talk to minors, and that teenagers are not always aware that the individuals with whom they chat with may not be who they claim they are. Parents must warn their teens about the potential pitfalls and dangers of chatting online. Teenagers should also be vigilant and aware of warning signs of improper chatting, such as the request for inappropriate pictures or phone calls.


  • Many of the larger, more popular teen chat rooms require the latest computer and web-based technologies for teens to take full advantage of their features. Most chat rooms require a broadband or high speed Internet connection for best results. Such an Internet connection is essential for video-based chat rooms, as a dial-up Internet connection would not be able to stream web cam feeds at a high enough bit rate. However, dial-up is generally sufficient for text-based chat rooms. Also, the latest version of Adobe Flash is required for most chat room websites.

Veterinarian Assistance for Low Income
A low-income person with a sick or injured pet that may die without proper treatment can get help with paying the emergency costs, and she may be eligible for reduced-cost routine care for her pet. Charity agencies, local groups and veterinary trade associations provide financial assistance and grants for financially distressed pet owners who need help paying for an animal’s care.

IMOM Financial Aid

  • IMOM is a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping abused, ill or homeless animals. A person experiencing financial hardship can apply to IMOM for assistance in the event his pet is suffering from an illness or injury that will result in death if not treated within 10 days. A pet owner who wants to apply for emergency assistance from IMOM must complete the online process outlined on the charity’s official website.

AAHA Pets Helping Pets Fund

  • The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) has a grant program for low-income or financially distressed pet owners who need veterinary care. A veterinarian working at an AAHA-accredited hospital submits the grant application to the organization on behalf of the pet owner. AAHA pays part or all of the services needed — upon approval of the application — directly to the provider.

Local Cruelty Societies

  • Local SPCA and humane societies offer a variety of programs for low-income pet owners. Some humane societies network with smaller, local charity groups, while others have dedicated programs or offer reduced-cost care for eligible pet owners directly. Information about programs is usually found on the society’s official website. The assistance available commonly ranges from basic preventive services, such as well visits for the animal, to emergency treatments and medications.

Veterinary College Clinics

  • Some veterinary colleges have animal clinics with veterinary care offered at a reduced cost for low-income pet owners. Proof of income is needed, such as copies of the owner’s pay stubs, but the exact criteria for eligibility and the services offered vary by clinic. The American Veterinary Medical Association maintains a list of accredited colleges across the United States on its website.

How to Make New Friends Online With a Free Chat Room
It’s easy to make new friends online using a free chat room. However, in order to make friends through chat rooms, it is important to choose a chat room that fits your lifestyle. By doing this, you will meet others with similar interests and lifestyles who have the potential to become lifelong friends.


  1. Find a free chat room that represents something about your lifestyle: the place where you live, a hobby, a club membership, a school you formerly attended or another option. Choosing a chat room where you have something to discuss will allow you and others to open up and get to know each other.
  2. Introduce yourself honestly. Be truthful about who you are. Like any other relationship, a relationship created in a chat room needs to be based on honesty to be successful. However, do not reveal private details about yourself. Only provide your first name or an alias, and do not discuss personal details like your address and phone number.
  3. Open a dialogue within the chat room with people who seem interesting to you. Ask questions about their lives, and provide information about yours. Build a relationship based on shared interests through the chat room.
  4. Chat privately with people from the free chat room that you would like to get to know better. Continue having private online dialogue until you feel comfortable moving further, or let the person know that you only intend to be friends through chat. Exchange pictures with each person you are talking to, if you think it will enhance the friendship.
  5. Speak to people that you met through chat on the phone. This dialogue will either determine that the friendship can progress, should be moved back to chat only, or should end entirely.
  6. Meet with people you met through the chat room in person. Meet in a public, open place. Let a friend or family member know where you will be. If possible, bring a friend or family member with you, and ask the people you are meeting to do the same.

How to Find the Best Orthopedic Veterinarian
Orthopedic veterinarians diagnose and treat problems involving an animal’s musculoskeletal system — anything involving the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons. For your pet to remain active and pain-free, all of these systems must work together in harmony. When a pet suffers an injury or develops a degenerative disease affecting these structures, good orthopedic care can get him on the proper road to recovery.

Start With Your Veterinarian

  • There’s a good chance your search for a good orthopedic veterinarian will begin and end with your own veterinarian. Many practicing veterinarians can perform orthopedic procedures. Depending upon the nature and severity of the injury, the prescribed course of treatment and your pet’s prognosis, you may not need to search any further than your pet’s regular doctor. If, however, either you or your veterinarian think that your pet requires more advanced care than your own vet is able or qualified to administer, you may need to expand your search for a veterinary orthopedic specialist.

Get a Veterinary Referral

  • Your pet’s veterinarian already works with or is aware of orthopedic veterinarians in your area. He will be familiar with the qualifications, abilities and even the bedside manner of these individuals. He will have had personal interactions with them at conferences, or he will have heard feedback and comments from other clients who have used these specialists in the past. Ask your own veterinarian for his recommendation based upon his personal experiences, then follow up with your own due diligence by checking the orthopedic veterinarian’s qualifications and client reviews.

Ask the Board

  • If your pet requires orthopedic surgery, contact the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. Setting the standard for the highest level of excellence in veterinary surgery, the ACVS has more than 1,700 certified veterinarians. More than 60 percent of these veterinarians work in private or specialty clinics and accept referrals from a pet’s primary care veterinarian. The remainder are involved in education and research. The ACVS provides referrals of qualified surgeons to pet owners.

Go to College

  • Many well-known veterinary colleges, such as the University of California Davis College of Veterinary Medicine, provide specialty treatments for pets upon referral from a primary care veterinarian. Generally, the pet owner can make the first phone call to the university’s animal clinic and schedule an appointment, and treatments typically cost the same as if the procedure was performed by a veterinarian in private practice.

What to Pack

  • If your pet will receive treatment from a specialty veterinarian or university animal hospital, you will need to bring several items to your appointment. The orthopedic veterinarian will need all available information on your pet’s injury as well as any diagnostic tests such as X-rays, blood tests or ultrasound readings. You will need to provide the orthopedic veterinarian with a list of all medications and supplements your pet is taking, and you will want to bring food for your pet if he is on a specialized diet. Finally, if you have received a referral from your primary care veterinarian, you will need a copy of the referral.

What Are the Treatments for Yeast Infection in Dogs?
Yeast infections (candida albicans) in dogs are fairly common. Yeast overgrowth leads to ear infections, skin irritation and rashes, digestive upset and secondary medical problems like staphylococcus (staph) dermatitis, gas and bloating. Prevention may be the best medicine, and in most cases, yeast infections can be prevented. In many cases, allergies are the cause. In the event of a flare-up, there are several effective treatments available from your veterinarian and several home remedies.


  • Yeast infections are triggered by an underlying cause. The most common is airborne allergies. These are usually seasonal and triggered by pollens and dust. As the dog’s immune system fights the allergens, his skin produces excess oils, which can lead to yeast infections of the ears and skin.
    Allergies to yeast itself may also cause yeast infections, often including gas, diarrhea and stomach upset, along with overall itching. Dogs with food allergies often lick their feet obsessively.


  • Prevention and treatment involves determining the exact underlying cause. Ask your vet about tests to identify allergens.
    If the yeast infections are due to an allergy to the yeast itself, feeding a yeast-free diet will resolve all symptoms. Talk to your vet about prescription dog foods. You may also consider switching to a grain-free kibble,or feeding a home-cooked or raw diet.
    Yeast infections in the ears can be prevented by regular cleaning.


  • Infections of any kind need antibiotics. If the skin is infected, your vet may want to do a skin scraping and culture to determine exactly which yeast bacteria is responsible for the infection and to choose the best antibiotic.
    Oral antibiotics are usually only part of the treatment regimen. Prescription shampoos containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylate are applied several times a week.
    For the intense itching that accompanies many yeast infections, your vet may prescribe a short-term course of prednisone.
    Treating yeast infections in the ears generally requires antibiotic ear drops for 10 to 14 days. If the infection is severe and painful, pain medication might also be prescribed.


  • Yeast infections can be stubborn to treat. Often they will disappear with a course of antibiotics only to recur as soon as treatment has stopped. While a visit to a veterinary dermatologist seems expensive, it may be cheaper in the long run if an effective treatment is found quickly.
    A veterinary dermatologist will have a wider range of diagnostics and medications available than a general practitioner.
    Some treatments for yeast infections include azole antifungal medications and hormone therapy, because it has been found that spayed and neutered dogs are more susceptible to allergies and skin infections (see Resources for a dermatologist and more information on current treatments).

Expert Insight

  • While you should never attempt to treat or medicate a dog without guidance from your vet, there are several things you can do at home to prevent or treat yeast infections.
    Vinegar will kill the yeast organism and prevent further growth by altering the pH level of the skin. It should be mixed 50:50 with pure water.
    Fish oil capsules provide omega-3 fatty acids and are good for the skin and coat. According to Holly Nash, DVM, MS, it has been shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory and useful for itchy and allergy-prone dogs (see Resources).